Monday, December 29, 2003


So states the unofficial motto of the Texas Rangers � one of the oldest law enforcement services in the country.

The Texas Rangers� 180-year heritage of service dates back to 1823, when colonizer Stephen F. Austin called for men to "Range" the frontier and guard against hostile Indians.

The modern Texas Rangers are an investigative division of the Texas Department of Public Safety. Its members are investigators who have been selected from the rfanks of the Department of Public Safety Highway Patrol Officers. A Texas Ranger has the official rank of at least a Sergeant.
The 116 Rangers authorized by the Texas Legislature are posted across Texas in six companies. Spreading the 116 Rangers throughout the state, it is easy to see that they are spread even thinner than an NYPD Detective! The role of the Texas Ranger is to assist and act as a support to local law enforcement, under defined legislative statutes.

Headquartered in Waco, they are posted to six Ranger Companies throughout Texas, as well as having an Unsolved Crimes Investigative Team is located in San Antonio.

Modern Rangers have the benefit of state-of-the-art weaponry and other equipment. Each Ranger is furnished an automatic, 12 gauge shotgun and Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle. He or she also has a crime scene kit with materials for taking fingerprints and making plaster casts of tracks and tool marks along with additional evidence-gathering necessities.

High-powered sniper rifles, night vision scopes, tear gas guns and grenades and gas masks are available for each Ranger company. Black lights, used for detecting fluid traces on clothing and other items, also are available at the company level. Sophisticated electronic surveillance equipment is at the disposal of the Rangers as well.

Today's Rangers travel by car, airplane or helicopter and occasionally by horse. Rangers are not issued uniforms; they dress as they need to. A Ranger in Dallas might wear a suit and tie while a Ranger assigned to a rural area would likely choose Western wear. Rangers are still expected to wear western boots and have their badges pinned to their shirts.

These Rangers are supervised by a Senior Captain, Captain, Assistant Commander, six field captains and seven lieutenants. The force is organized into six companies, "A" through "F," and a Headquarters office in Austin. A captain, lieutenant and from one to three Rangers are located at each of the five DPS Regional Headquarters. Company F is stationed at the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum in Waco -- the official state hall of fame and repository for the Texas Rangers.

Other Rangers are stationed in various towns and cities in the state, each Ranger having responsibility for a minimum of two to three counties, some with even larger areas.

The often cited "One Riot, One Ranger" appears to be based on several statements attributed to Ranger Captain McDonald by Albert Bigelow Paine in his classic book, Captain Bill McDonald: Texas Ranger. When sent to Dallas to prevent a scheduled prize-fight, McDonald supposedly was greeted at the train station by the city's anxious mayor, who asked: "Where are the others?" To that, McDonald is said to have replied, "Hell! ain't I enough? There's only one prize-fight!"

And on the title page of Paine's 1909 book on McDonald are 19 words labeled as Captain McDonald's creed: "No man in the wrong can stand up against a fellow that's in the right and keeps on a-comin."

Those words have evolved into the Ranger creed.


On December 28, 1974, PO Kenneth Mahon #28418, 41 Pct, was killed in the line of duty effecting an arrest for robbery.

Police Officer Kenneth Mahon, 29, was baptized, confirmed, married and made his First Communion in St.Gabriel�s Church in East Elmhurst, New York.

On December 31, 1974, some 5,000 police officers saw Officer Mahon buried from that same church after being gunned down in the early morning hours of December 28, 1974 in one of life�s bitter ironies. The plainclothesman was killed allegedly by a man whom Officer Mahon was not even pursuing. He was looking for a rape and robbery suspect.

Mahon and his partner, Michael Black, went to the building looking for two of the four gunmen who held up a novelty store at 1218 Southern Blvd at 7 pm on December 27. Five persons were robbed of $300 in cash and jewelry and a young woman in the store was raped. After the holdup, two uniformed police officers picked up a 19 year old and a 16 year old as suspects in the robbery. Both were charged with robbery, burglary and rape. Police said the two suspects gave the name and addresses of two others they said were involved in the holdup. Mahon and Black went to the Southern Boulevard address looking for the two others.

Officer Mahon and his partner, Detective Black, reportedly spotted Navedo in the courtyard of the seven-building complex and tried to stop him for questioning. He reportedly ran into a building and the two cops pursued. From a flight of stairs, the man turned and allegedly fired four shots. Officer Mahon was hit in the left hip, left leg and chest. He died at Lincoln Hospital on the operating table at about 1:20 am. He was the fourth police officer to die in the line of duty in 1974. Officer Mahon lived in College Point Queens at the time of his death and was survived by his wife, a three year old daughter, mother, father and sister.

Police Officer Mahon joined the police force in 1968 after serving in the Army in Vietnam. Officer Mahon had been decorated by the department 36 times, including 18 excellent police citations, 10 meritorious service citations and five departmental commendations. At the time of his murder, he had been with the anticrime unit for three years. He made over 259 arrests while working with anticrime and disarmed at least 50 people. His supervisor at the time in charge of the 41st Precinct�s anticrime unit, commented at the time of his death that �He was the best I had�.

Officer Mahon was due to be promoted to detective � and such an action would have meant a transfer, but the budget crisis had delayed the promotion.

Four hours after Officer Mahon was killed in the South Bronx tenement, police arrested a 31 year old five-time loser. The murder suspect, David Navedo of the Bronx, was wrestled into custody by two cops on the roof at the murder scene at 500 Southern Blvd, near 149th street at about 5 am. He was arrested by Police Officers Kevin Henry and Gonsolvo Torres of the Alexander Avenue station.


In the last posting to this site, mention was made of the Brooklyn-S.I. 10-13 Association, and the assistance they are seeking in ensuring that the killers of these two officers never see the outside of their prison cells.

The two men convicted of murdering Police Officers Joseph Piagentini and Waverly Jones will be eligible for parole in 2004 - Herman Bell (DIN#79C0262) in February and Anthony Bottom (DIN#77A4283) in July (his second time). Both of these men were justly tried and convicted of killing the two 32nd Precinct New York City patrolmen.

Piagentini and Jones were ambushed and assassinated, shot multiple times in the back as they walked back to their patrol car after answering a call of a woman in distress at the Colonial Park Apartments in Harlem on the 21st of May, 1971.

The assassins who carried out this attack, members of the Black Liberation Army, showed a completely callous and gross disregard for the value of human life. Herman Bell and Anthony Bottom, by their deeds and by their unrepentant disposition, have proven themselves unworthy of and unfit for free life. They robbed two wives of their husbands, and five children of their fathers, and they deserve to live no life other than a life behind bars.
Joseph Piagentini, a 28-year-old Caucasian NYPD Police Officer, and Waverly Jones, a 33-year-old African American NYPD Police Officer, were doing their best to promote a healthy image of racial equality and partnership by policing Harlem together in 1971. Herman Bell and Anthony Bottom, through their militant, violent, and hateful act, did their best to destroy everything that Piagentini and Jones were working for.

Your assistance is requested in sending a letter to Governor Pataki and to the Parole Board of New York State urging that these two killers remain behind bars. Please help!


Thanks to Dan Mackey, retired NYPD Detective (also former Transit PD) and currently working for the Federal government�s Homeland Security Department for the following information. He would like to pass on some of these interesting and useful �gumshoe� sites.

Best Pretexts From PIs Around the Country

Legal and Illegal Pretexts

Employment Pretexts

Avenues Of Approach To Locating A Missing Person

Skip Trace Tricks For The Repo Man, Bail Enforcement Agent And

Toll Call Records and Unlisted-Nonpublished Telephone Numbers

Trap Lines And Blind Line Services For Skip Tracers And Other


SDS Mark Pouria, a Brooklyn North legend keeping things safe in the 75 Squad, would like to let everyone know that before you venture into the Big Apple you may want to check out the Times Square Earth-Cam for real-time video footage of what�s going on there.

The Earth Cam�s live Video footage at Times Square can be reached at:


Hoping all had an enjoyable Christmas! Who�s looking forward to New Years Eve, anyone??

By the way, the Crime Story DVD-set is great. You may also enjoy the new release of the third season of Homicide: Life on the Street. What a great combination pack!

Monday, December 22, 2003


A short-lived television series, running from 1986-1988, the 48 episodes of CRIME STORY are now available on DVD.

You may recall that this show was about latter-day Untouchables group, which was set in Chicago during the turbulent early sixties before the Miranda act was passed, and portrayed a time when cops could fight dirtier than the crooks, shooting first and asking questions later.

Crime Story centered on the city's Major Crime Unit, headed by hard-boiled Lt Mike Torello, who was played by Dennis Farina, himself an ex-Chicago copper. It is the Major Crime Unit�s battle and rivalry between the ambitious, up-and-coming gangster, Ray Luca and his crew, which would turn into all-out war.

Along with the distinctive visual styling of this production that included fine-tuned period detail and a terrific assortment of '60s rock tunes, the show kicked off with Del Shannon's "Runaway" for the theme tune. It is noted also for its procedural authenticity, which was assured by the fact that the show's co-creator had served for seventeen years with the Chicago PD, while ex-cop Farina had been a member of the actual squad fictionalized in the series.

Although conceived as an epic mini-series with an established beginning, middle and end that would run the course of one season, the NBC network was looking for something more open ended. By the second year, Luca had moved his base of operations to Las Vegas and Torello and his team had become agents of a Federal Strike Force in order to go after him. Unfortunately most of the original writers had jumped ship for the second season, and the series deteriorated dramatically.

This DVD set will certainly be on The Minister�s list for Santa!


A new type of ammunition known as the Aguila IQ has been identified as being able to penetrate bullet-resistant vests.

The ammunition is manufactured in Mexico under the Aguila brand name by the munitions manufacturer TECNOS of Cuernavaca, Mexico, and is being imported into the United States by Centurion Ordinance Inc. of Helotes, Texas, for sale to the general public. The Michigan State Police Ordinance Unit has tested the ammunition and found that it does, in fact, penetrate police issued vests.

The ammunition is available by dealers throughout the United States and can even be ordered over the internet. It is available in .45 ACP IQ, .40 S&W IQ, and 9mm Luger IQ.

This new line of ammunition is loaded with the first intelligent bullet, made of an alloy (no lead) with a low specific weight. This feature allows light bullets like these to have a size similar to those projectiles made from lead.

They are called intelligent - bullets because they recognize the hardness of the target at the moment the projectile hits it, and in nanoseconds the projectile configures accordingly. Thus, if the target is very hard, the IQ bullet will have superior penetration while maintaining its weight and size. If the target is ballistic gelatin, it will not overpenetrate, transferring all the energy into the soft target, and breaking apart into three or four sharp fragments, each creating independent wound channels.


Sgt. Keith Levine, #1658, Comm. Div. December 28, 1991

On December 28, 1991 Sgt. Keith Levine was killed in the line of duty, shot during an off-duty robbery incident.

Sergeant Levine was shot and killed in an exchange of gunfire with an armed robbery suspect at an ATM in Manhattan. Levine was off-duty and with two others in a car when he saw a man being held up by another man and a woman in a white coat at the Manufacturers Hanover Trust automatic teller machine alcove. He got out of the car and chased the male suspect, who then shot him. Christopher Lewis, 25, of 71 W. 128th St., is accused of shooting to death Sgt. Levine, at about 2:15 a.m. Dec. 28. Sadly, Levine was killed while protecting one thief from another, police sources said.

Sgt. Levine was 27 years old and is survived by his parents. His father, highly decorated for his own heroic actions, served as a Special Agent with the Drug Enforcement Administration.

The NYPD Mounted Unit has named a horse "Keith" after the slain officer.


" Don't worry, I don't underrate the cops. But cops can't break a guy's arm to make him talk, and they can't shove his teeth in with the muzzle of a .45 to remind him that you aren't fooling. I do my own leg work, and there are a lot of guys who will tell me what I want to know because they know what I'll do to them if they don't. My staff is strictly ex officio, but very practical."

"It isn't going to be easy getting through this engagement, kitten, but let's keep it cool until we do."
"I hope you're saying that because you're still weak."
I gave her another grin, flipped out Patterson's .45 and pressed it into her palm. "Sure I am, doll, sure I am," I said.
She looked at the slug, smiled and dropped it in her cleavage where it fell into her bra. I suppose."


This is a downloadable PDF book on "Eyewitness Evidence":


A Hearty Congratulations! Goes out to Det. Louis Savarese, who celebrated his Thirty-Year Anniversary with this department on December 17, 2003! Louis is hoping to do another ten before he packs it in!


Congratulations to John Bruton of Brooklyn North Homicide on his well deserved promotion to Detective Second Grade! Should make for a nice gift under the tree!


The Home page of this group can be found at:

A very informative site for active and retired MOS. If you haven�t yet done so, check this site out and �bookmark� it. They are currently seeking assistance in getting the parole for cop-killers Anthony Bottom and Herman Bell denied, seeking all to copy and send letters to the Parole Board and the Governor.



December 22, 1927 Lt Charles Kemmer, 54 Pct, Shot-burglary arrest
December 22, 1940 Ptl Joseph Kussius, GCP Pct, Motorcycle accident
December 22, 1977 PO William Flood, PBQ, Shot-Robbery, off duty
December 22, 1996 PO Charles Davis, MWS, Shot-Off duty robbery
December 23, 1929 Ptl Michael Speer, 71 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
December 23, 1930 Ptl James McMahon, Traffic F, Injured on patrol
December 23, 1939 Ptl John Briggs, 23 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
December 24, 1935 Ptl James Dowling, 25 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
December 24, 1980 PO Gabriel Vitale, 109 Pct, Shot-investigation
December 25, 1935 Ptl Joseph Reiner, Traffic H, Auto accident on patrol
December 27, 1944 Det Anthony McGinley, 5 DetDist, Shot-Domestic dispute
December 28, 1929 Ptl Joseph Jockel, McyDist, Shot-arrest
December 28, 1974 PO Kenneth Mahon, 41 Pct, Shot-robbery
December 28, 1978 PO David Guttenberg, 68 Pct, Shot-robbery
December 28, 1991 Sgt Keith Levine, CommDiv, Shot-robbery, off duty
December 29, 1878 Ptl Asa Furness, 10 Pct, Shot by EDP


You can send e-mail to:

As The Holiday�s are right around the corner, The Minister of Investigation wishes all a healthy and happy holiday! Stay safe, and bring good cheer to all!

Monday, December 15, 2003


From the category �You can�t make this stuff up� comes another winner.

Recently, here in Brooklyn North, a male and his friend were seated in a car on a street off of Atlantic Avenue when, for an as yet undetermined reason, someone began shooting into their car. The driver and his passenger were struck by the shots, but the driver was able to quickly put the car into gear and back out of the block.

He drove himself and his friend the three blocks direct to St. Mary�s Hospital.

If you don�t know, St. Mary�s Hospital has an EMS outpost located at the Emergency Room. As the car and the gunshot victims drove up to the ER they were met by some of the EMS people. Quickly assessing the situation, and realizing the severity of the gunshot wounds, the EMS people took the best course of action available.

They quickly loaded the patients into the EMS bus and took them to KCH!

Apparently it was their professional judgment that the victim stood a better chance of being treated at KCH, and undergoing the approximately thirty-block ride, than being wheeled into St. Mary�s Hospital!

The best care anywhere!


Ptl. Joseph Pelosi, #12174, of the 60 Pct, died in the line of duty on December 8, 1924.

Patrolman Pelosi was killed when he was struck by a car while riding his police bicycle. He was escorting an ambulance on Queens Boulevard when he was struck and fatally injured. He was transported to St. John's Hospital where he succumbed to his injuries one week later.

Patrolman Pelosi was assigned to the Newton Station (60th Precinct) and had only been with the NYPD for four days.


�Naw, she was a friend. I saw her once and spoke to her a few minutes and we got to be buddies. It was one of those things. Then some son of a bitch killed her."

Two drunks with a nickel between them were arguing over what to play on the juke box until a tomato in a dress that was too tight a year ago pushed the key that started off something noisy and hot. One of the drunks wanted to dance and she gave him a shove.
So he danced with the other drunk.

"She saw me sitting there with my stool tipped back against the cigarette machine and change of a fin on the bar, decided I could afford a wet evening for two and walked over with her hips waving hello."You're new around here, ain't ya?"
"Nah. I've been here since six o'clock."
"Buy me a drink?" She crowded in next to me, seeing how much of herself she could plaster against my legs.
"No." It caught her by surprise and she quit rubbing.
"Don't gentlemen usually buy ladies a drink?" she said. She tried to lower her eyelids seductively but one came down farther than the other and made her look stupid.
"I'm not a gentleman, kid."
"I ain't a lady either so buy me a drink."


In Friday, December 12 edition of the NY Post, the following was reported as it relates to the parole of Kathy Boudin, convicted cop killer.

�Gov. Pataki has decided to replace longtime state Parole Board Chairman Brion Travis - four months after he was blamed for the controversial parole of convicted radical killer Kathy Boudin, officials said yesterday.

Pataki's office said Travis, 52, was being shifted to a new post at the state Insurance Department, although his official biography shows he's a criminal-justice expert with no background in insurance issues.

Pataki was highly critical of the Aug. 20 decision to release Boudin - who was convicted of felony murder and robbery after a 1981 Brinks armored car heist in Rockland County that left two police officers and a security guard dead.

He said at the time that "I am thoroughly disappointed and disagree" with the decision.

Pataki spokeswoman Lynn Rasic insisted Travis was not being punished. But administration sources said Travis has been out of favor since Boudin's release.

Meanwhile, Westchester Judge Kenneth Lange ruled against several police organizations seeking to nullify the parole board's release of Boudin.�


In Providence, in what is being billed as the start of a new era of collaboration between public law enforcement and private security agencies, representatives from many of the city's leading security firms joined with with the police yesterday to train how to be partners in the war against crime and terrorism.

In all, some 50 private security managers and supervisors and about 30 uniformed police officers attended the session at the city's Public Safety Complex, described by Police Chief Dean M. Esserman as the first of many.

Details can be found at:


Texas Rangers (The law enforcement people, not the baseball players).

Here is a new resource for investigators. The "International Edition" of the Private Eye List Databse:


December 8, 1924 Ptl Joseph Pelosi, 60 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
December 8, 1932 Ptl Michael Moroso, 23 Pct, Shot by sniper
December 8, 1942 Det Joseph Miccio, 78 Sqd, Shot-investigation
December 8, 1946 Ptl Edward McAuliff, 18 Sqd, LOD injury
December 9, 1932 Ptl John Grattan, Mcy Unit, Motorcycle accident on patrol
December 10, 1929 Ptl Philip Morrissey, 85 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
December 11, 1922 Ptl Francis Mace, 73 Pct, Line of duty injury
December 12, 1966 Ptl Raul Yglesias, PA, Shot-off duty altercation
December 13, 1932 Ptl Louis Wiendieck, Traffic B, Line of duty pursuit
December 13, 1946 Det James Burke, 48 Sqd, Shot-robbery
December 14, 1932 Ptl George Gerhard, 20 Pct, Shot-Robbery pursuit
December 14, 1961 Ptl Hugh Willoughby, 26 Pct, Shot-robbery, off duty

Monday, December 08, 2003


A modern phenomenon involves the application of Sun Tzu�s THE ART OF WAR to all adversarial situations. Leaders from all areas including the military, industry, and athletes have studied this blueprint for battlefield strategy. THE ART OF WAR has long been a recommended reading by the military for the trasining of officers and more recently by major corporations for the development of executives and corporate managers.

How can some of these tactics be applied to the investigative process?

The professional investigator is a warrior of truth often confronted by an adversary with greater resources and numbers. Therefore, creative and strategic thinking is the greatest weapon in the professional investigator�s arsenal.

Here is a look at some of the strategies that can be applied to the investigative process.

�All Warfare Is Based On Deception�. (Chapter I, par. 18)

Deceptive and unorthodox tactics and strategies are as much an integral part of the investigative process as they are of warfare.

Deceptive tactical approaches are regularly used during the course of an investigative interview, especially with a hostile or less than cooperative witness. (We have all seen our share of those!)

The interview process is nothing more than an exercise in �intellectual combat�.

The subject of the interview has information and the interviewer needs to recover that information. It may or may not be in the best interest of the subject to cooperate. The subject may, therefore, engage in tactics designed to derail the interview process and the interviewer from obtaining the truth.

The interviewer must draw upon their experience and skills and apply them in a tactical and strategic manner designed to recover the facts and ultimately lead to the truth.

�Hold Out Baits To Entice The Enemy. Feign Disorder, And Crush Him�. (Ch. I, par.20)

The age-old inquiry strategy best exemplified by TV�s famous detective, Columbo, is an example of this tactic.

Displaying a lack of intellectual sharpness and disorder can lure your subject into a false state of security. They may become over-confident and under-estimate the investigators ability.

This strategy allows your opponent to let their guard down and allows the investigator an opportunity to strike in a covert manner, gaining the advantage over them before they realize they have given you just what you wanted.

If done correctly they may never realize they were defeated until it is too late.

Interview tactics which utilize deception are legally permissible as long as they adhere to specific guidelines. Using deception properly it can be a strong point in the investigative interview process.


I noted in a recent posting to this site the legendary private detective, Philip Marlowe, as written by Raymond Chandler.

I must admit, however, that my favorite fictional character � other then Kojak � has to be Mike Hammer. Mike Hammer is Mickey Spillane�s brash private eye. Mickey Spillane, a character himself, has brought us his Mike Hammer private detective since 1947, through books, movies, and even television. Mickey Spillane, of the opening line, �She came into my office with a pair of 38�s, and a gun�. Mike Hammer was most recently seen in a 1983-84 edition of several made-for-TV-movies under the banner �Mickey Spillane�s Mike Hammer�, with Stacy Keach playing the lead, and in a syndicated television version titled Mike Hammer: Private Eye, also starring Stacy Keach as Hammer.

If nothing else, Mike Hammer has been described as being extreme. Hammer makes his mark following a code of violence which allows nothing to stand in his way.Extreme indeed but there is no questioning the impact of the book or the fact that Hammer was in the classic P.I. mold.

Mike Hammer is a real "never let 'em see ya sweat" kind of guy, whose strength lies not only in his fists and his gun, but also in his moral convictions and sense of justice, with no exceptions.

What is it about Mike Hammer? Trying to draw some similarities, or analogies, I uncovered the following.

Mike Hammer spends his day in his office sipping on scotch, smoking cigarettes, entertaining shapely female clients. I, on the other hand, sip Evian water while lunching on Triscuits, entertaining the likes of Marty Stein, Larry Eggers and Jon Besunder.

Mike Hammer has a buxom, curvaceous secretary named Velda to screen his phone calls, pour him coffee, and make after-work dinner reservations with, and to act as an all around assistant. I have Louis Savarese.

Mike Hammer interviews suspects in their East Side townhouse, sipping on champagne and snacking on caviar. I climb up six flights of stairs over a broken staircase to be cursed at and have the door slammed on my foot, and that�s by the VICTIM�s family!

Mike Hammer can meet �a dame� in a bar with the line �Have we met before, or do I just wish we had?� I tried a line like that and got a beer thrown in my face.

Truth may be stranger than fiction. But sometimes the fictional version sounds oh, so appealing.


Military Police Officers contacted the driver of a Mercedes E500 during a random inspection.

They found a loaded .357 S&W Revolver tucked away in a compartment underneath the driver�s seat. This compartment comes as standard equipment in the Mercedes E500 sport. The compartment appears to be too small for any legitimate use, but the Mercedes dealer states that its intent is to store a first aid kit in.

If you stop a subject driving an E500 be aware that from the rear of the vehicle you will probably be unable to see and recognize the driver opening the compartment. The compartment opens very easily and opens to render a firearm easily accessible with very little movement.


PI Museum: An interesting cross-section of investigative history. This is an actual museum, located in San Diego. A virtual-tour of the museum can be found on their web site located at:


When Chris Cincotta throws a party, he goes all out.

Lehman Brothers recently hosted Chris� party as a Law Enforcement Appreciation Reception, another name for a Holiday-Party. We knew that it was really Chris� party.

Driving cross-town through Manhattan traffic helped reinforce one of those reasons why we enjoy life here in Brooklyn North just fine.

A virtual who�s-who of New York Law Enforcement was gathered at this event. I was somewhat surprised when I pulled in front and identified myself � apparently Chris hadn�t alerted the staff of the importance of The Minister of Investigation � I was on my own for parking. �Don�t you know who I am� elicited a strange look from the Lehman security officer, and a stern warning to get my car away from their building. Not a problem, though. I made do. Gene Whyte and John Cantwell had the privilege of being able to walk from home, avoiding any transportation horrors. It was certainly worth it.

I am not as skilled as Mike Carney in the art of eating lamb-chops while standing up, so I stayed with the basic finger-food combinations. We waited all night for the music to start, but apparently Chris thought that would only inhibit the fine conversation of the room, so he didn�t bother to book any. Chris looked resplendent in a holiday tie, one that he would never get away wearing in the days he was the 77 Squad Sergeant. You�ve certainly moved up in the world, Chris. No reception like this was ever thrown at the Starlight Lounge on Utica Avenue!

I tried to pass the party off as a benefit in my honor to a friend who brokers-stocks for that company, but it didn�t quite work. Maybe next time.

Friday, December 05, 2003

"I don't mind if you don't like my manners. I don't like 'em myself. They're pretty bad. I grieve over them long winter evenings."
A quote from Philip Marlowe in The Big Sleep


A reference in a recent posting to this site mentioned Philip Marlowe, a character written about by Raymond Chandler in his historic private-eye stories that started with THE BIG SLEEP.

It was Raymond Chandler's Marlowe that would define for all time the who, what, where and why in private eye stories � in books, in movies and on TV.
In comparison to counterparts Sherlock Holmes and Hercule Poirot, Marlowe is a lousy detective. He spends a lot of time in jail, he is always one step behind the bad guys, and his clients always seem to be getting killed or arrested. None of this seems to matter, though.

From the loneliness, the quick, sarcastic cynical jibes masking a battered romantic, the love/hate relationship with the cops, the corruption that exists in all levels of society, it's all here in Chandler�s stories.

Philip Marlowe, for better or worse, is the archetypical private eye. He runs a single man operation out of the Cahuenga Building in Los Angeles. Tall, and big enough to take care of himself, he likes liquor, women, reading, chess and working alone, and is educated enough that he boasts he can speak English "if he's required to." He used to work for the district attorney, but was fired for insubordination, thus starting a cliche that still hasn't run out of steam.

I�d recommend picking up THE BIG SLEEP for an adventure into Philip Marlowes world!


It has recently been learned that colleges and universities are routinely assigning dummy Social Security numbers to foreign students for identification purposes.

These social security numbers begin with �777�.


Identity Theft Resource Center:
The Identity Theft Resource Center (ITRC) is a nationwide nonprofit organization dedicated to developing and implementing a comprehensive program against identity theft -by supporting victims, broadening public awareness, disseminating information about this crime and decreasing the potential victim population.

Federal Trade Commission Identity Theft Resources:
Identity theft is a serious crime. People whose identities have been stolen can spend months or years - and their hard-earned money - cleaning up the mess thieves have made of their good name and credit record. In the meantime, victims may lose job opportunities, be refused loans, education, housing or cars, or even get arrested for crimes they didn't commit.

To help someone who believes their identity has been stolen, here's some helpful tips:


You probably already know that the Borough HQ building at 175 Wilson Ave, the HQ for the Strategic & Tactical Command Brooklyn North, suffered a little smoke and water damage recently.

It seems a little fire erupted in the office that DI Ruffle occupies within the Detective Operations Office. Occurring after the office was closed up on the 4x12 tour, the smell was discovered by a PAA on the 1st Floor who then � along with others- went to investigate. Assisted by our FDNY brothers, the fire went without causing much damage.

Building Maintenance is in the process of turning everything back to normal, but it will take some time. You can imagine the confusion and disorder this has created! Marty Stein continues to do his best to fix every problem in site, as Heather and Donna wade over the puddle of water trying to get those Updates out. Jimmy Rizzetello, back from his stint in the Coast Guard, should be comfortable walking through the puddles in the office. (What was it that Tommy Coomey used to call DI Johnson? A member of the puddle-Navy?) To make matters worse, the Islanders lose to the Rangers, which really turned Paul Molloy�s world upside down.

How did the fire start you ask? Must have been electrical. Perhaps it was all the work that Marty has the staff doing just got too hot to handle. Could the copy machine have overheated from being overworked?

Some have often said that the work in the Boro is done with a lot of smoke & mirrors - well, recently, the mirrors have disappeared and only the smoke remains.


Only in New York, as the saying goes.

Only in New York can you go to a Kosher Delicatessen for a pastrami sandwich, and get served by a waitress from Kingston, Jamaica. As you order your pastrami she tells you about her Thanksgiving dinner feast, of goat and oxtail. Your sandwich is then carefully prepared by Mohammed, the Iranian born in the Middle East who - basically, anyway - has a grasp on the English language. All the while, you�re listening to Christmas music! Which continues playing on the radio, while the two Jewish-American brother/owners swap stories about how best to put a tongue-and-groove floor into your kitchen while jousting with customers on the phone who can�t imagine why their delivery is taking forty-five minutes to go a half-block!

The pastrami's pretty good, though. Almost as good as the entertainment!

Siegel's Deli, 2nd Ave and 86th Street, NYC


Don�t you just love winter in New York?

Nothing beats a great snow storm, right? The only thing worse than the actual snow is the buildup on the TV and radio for the days in advance. �Snow Watch�, �Storm Watch�, �Winter Storm Approaching�. All the good news to keep your spirits up. I understand that Mike Carney is a real fan of the Four-Day Weather Watch � and the scare tactics that go into play. Why, when it starts to snow, does everyone go out and buy milk and water? Can anyone remember the last time our water supply ceased in a snow storm?

Maybe for those in a different line of work, this is all fun and games. Teachers, for example. This is just great � another excuse to shut down school, and stay home from work. Kids love it � �let�s go play in the snow�. Even Sanitation workers get a smile on their face when it starts to snow � overtime! No, give me the sun and sand any day. All our brothers and sisters who have recently retired, or are on Terminal Leave, are sitting at home laughing at us right now. I bet Bob Fragoletti is getting a good laugh right now. Joe Heffernan too. Then there's Junior Labarbera, whose Terminal Leave runs him until April 2005 - he'll have TWO WINTERS to think real hard about all his buddies he left here in the cold.

This snow is for the birds!


What can you say, when you�re at the scene of a homicide interviewing the �First-Officer�, and he tells you, �I really have to go � I can�t stay any longer, to see the ADA or anything, because it�s going to snow and I have to get home�?


Monday, December 01, 2003


Differences between interviews and interrogations can be noted as follows.

Interview is a non-accusatory procedure where the primary focus is to collect information.

Interviews are conducted at various locations. Interrogations are attempted in highly structured, controlled settings where privacy is essential.

Note taking is encouraged during an interview but should not be done during an interrogation.

Interviews are conducted within a limited time frame, while an interrogation is not limited by time.

Both of these processes have, recently, fallen under the more antiseptic term �debriefing�. It sounds better, and does not carry with it the connotation
associated with an �interrogation�.


Congratulations are in order for some recent promotions, made just in time for a Happy Thanksgiving Day!

Promoted on Tuesday, November 25, were:

Matthew Prial of the 83 Squad and Gregory O�Brien of the 88 Squad, both promoted to Detective Second Grade.

Joseph Tallarine of the 83 Sqd is sure to welcome his promotion to Detective-Investigator (Third Grade). In addition to his investigative duties in the 83 Sqd. Joe is also an Honor Legion Board Member. Long overdue, but Congratulations all the same!

The promotions to Second Grade also saw Det. Donna Torres, a recent contributor to this site who is assigned to Manhattan North Homicide, achieve the step-up.

From the extended-family of Brooklyn North Detectives was the promotion of Joe Campbell, the current C.O. of the 73 Precinct, to Deputy Inspector. Never seen without a smile on his face, this promotion is well-deserved, and we all wish you the best. (In a related story on Joe Campbell�s promotion, see the accompanying article on this site.)


An article in the Wednesday, November 26 edition of the NY POST by Larry Celona highlighted the promotion of Joe Campbell, the C.O. of the 73 Pct, to Deputy Inspector.

It was noted that fifteen years after �his brush with death�, this �choirboy cop� who was nearly killed in a wild gun battle with a Brooklyn robber, received this deserved promotion.

�It was on January 6, 1988 when Campbell, a 26-year-old cop, stopped a robbery-in-progress at a Brighton Beach apartment.

Cops were called in after a resident woke up to find a trio of masked men in her bedroom, one of them leaning over her bed with a gun, demanding cash.

Two of the men fled, but the third ran into Campbell and his partner as they rushed into the building.

In the ensuing shootout, Campbell was hit in the stomach and seriously wounded by a bullet fired from a .357 Magnum by 25-year-old Kumar Ramesar.

Ramesar was shot dead and fell on top of Campbell, who spent the next 14 months recovering from his wounds.�

Joe, you continue to be an inspiration to all of us! Congratulations once again!

If you missed Larry Celona�s excellent piece on Joe Campbell you can go to the NY Post web-site at to read the entire text.


Written in 1945 by Raymond Chandler, the legendary author of private-eye (Phillip Marlowe, The Big Sleep, etc) detective fiction, the following essay is noted as the most-quoted non-fiction piece of detective genre.

For detectives all over, whether you read crime fiction or not, I am sure you will find this of interest. Printed as part of �The Simple Art of Murder� in the November 1945 issue of The Atlantic Monthly, Chandler's focus is on the private-eye himself, not so much where his literary forbears are, but who he is. Here's just an excerpt.

"In everything that can be called art there is a quality of redemption. It may be pure tragedy, if it is high tragedy, and it may be pity and irony, and it may be the raucous laughter of the strong man. But down these mean streets a man must go who is not himself mean, who is neither tarnished nor afraid. The detective in this kind of story must be such a man. He is the hero, he is everything. He must be a complete man and a common man and yet an unusual man. He must be, to use a rather weathered phrase, a man of honor -- by instinct, by inevitability, without thought of it, and certainly without saying it. He must be the best man in his world and a good enough man for any world. I do not care much about his private life; he is neither a eunuch nor a satyr; I think he might seduce a duchess and I am quite sure he would not spoil a virgin; if he is a man of honor in one thing, he is that in all things.

"He is a relatively poor man, or he would not be a detective at all. He is a common man or he could not go among common people. He has a sense of character, or he would not know his job. He will take no man's money dishonestly and no man's insolence without a due and dispassionate revenge. He is a lonely man and his pride is that you will treat him as a proud man or be very sorry you ever saw him. He talks as the man of his age talks -- that is, with a rude wit, a lively sense of the grotesque, a disgust for sham, and a contempt for pettiness.

"The story is this man's adventure in search of a hidden truth, and it would be no adventure if it did not happen to a man fit for adventure. He has a range of awareness that startles you, but it belongs to him by right, because it belongs to the world he lives in. If there were enough like him, the world would be a very safe place to live in, without becoming too dull to be worth living in."


There is a law in Florida regarding the unlawful display of authorized indicia of law enforcement authority. Basically, you can't wear law enforcement apparel unless you are a police officer.

Recently, though, a Florida District Court of Appeals declared the Florida statute unconstitutional, concluding that the law violates First Amendment protected speech. Somehow they have interpreted this protection of speech to include the willingness to pass yourself off as someone you are not.

This seems to coincide with another recent development in Florida regarding home invasion and push in robberies where the perps display police apparel and/or badges in order to gain entry.

This has also, understandably so, further developed into problems of legitimate police officers having problems with citizens questioning them after being shown legitimate police credentials.

With the recent court decision authorities are expecting not only more "law enforcement" type home invasions, but issues arising out of legitimate traffic stops, etc.


December 2, 1994 PO Raymond Cannon, 69 Pct, Shot-robbery in progress
December 3, 1922 Ptl John Kennedy, 123 Pct, LOD injury
December 3, 1934 Ptl John Monahan, 14 Div, Shot-arrest
December 3, 1954 Ptl Joseph Norden, 105 Pct, Shot by EDP
December 3, 1973 PO Vincent Connolly, Bomb Sqd, Auto accident on duty
December 4, 1923 Ptl Alfred Van Clieff, 63 Pct, Motorcycle accident
December 6, 1903 Ptl Frank Redican, 1 Pct, Fire rescue
December 6, 1941 Ptl Thomas Casey, 17 Pct, Shot-Robbery pursuit

Friday, November 28, 2003


An article written in the November 21, 2003 issue of the NY TIMES by Shaila Dewan outlines the department�s newest resource in forensic analysis: the Palm Print.

The following is excerpted from this interesting article.

For more than a century, the fingerprint has been the quintessential piece of crime scene evidence. But fingerprints are only a tiny part of the story. All of a person's "friction ridged skin" is distinctively patterned: soles, palms and even the writer's palm, as the outer side of the hand is called.

Surveys of law enforcement agencies indicate that at least 30 percent of the prints lifted from crime scenes � from knife hilts, gun grips, steering wheels and window panes - are of palms, not fingers.

That is why in April, the New York Police Department began having prisoners place their whole hand, not just their fingertips, on the glass platen of a scanner when their prints are captured. Beginning next month, the department will be able to do computerized matches of the 100,000 palm prints it has already collected. As the database grows, it will become one of the largest of its kind.

There is as yet no national repository for palm prints, but the Federal Bureau of Investigation is currently assessing three systems, including one by Sagem Morpho, the biometrics company based in Tacoma, Wash., that designed New York's database and scanners.

You can read the entire article at the following web site:


Det. Francis J.M. Buckley, Shield # 612, 38th Sqd.
Det. William A. Miller, Shield# 120, 38th Sqd.

On January 5, 1922 Detectives Francis Buckley and William Miller were bringing in a suspect from an earlier homicide that day in the 38th Precinct (today�s 32nd Pct).

This suspect was also a possible suspect from an earlier shooting of a police office in the command a month earlier. The two Detectives wanted to see if the injured Police Officer could identify the suspect.

On the way to the Station House the suspect who was walking with the two Detectives fired shots at both of them. Detective Miller died on the scene, on January 5, 1922. Detective Buckley lived a few hours more passing away on January 6, 1922.

The Cops who heard the shots came running out of the Station House. Buckley told them who did it, and a huge manhunt was immediately begun. The wanted perp was caught in Pennsylvania days later. On the train ride back to New York the perp tried to overcome and remove the gun from an escorting Officer; that was prevented and the perp was eventually executed after conviction at trial.


Compiled in 1859 by George W. Matsell, former Chief of Police of New York City, the SECRET LANGUAGE OF CRIME was a comprehensive dictionary of the criminal; a Rogues Lexicon.

Some of the entries of interest follow:

Amusers: Fellows who carry snuff or pepper in their pockets, which they throw into a persons eyes and then run away; the accomplice rushing up to the victim, pretending to assist, robs him while he is suffering with the pain in his eyes.
Moll: A woman.
Mumpers: Beggars
Oil of Barley: Strong beer.
Peepers: Eyes
Roofer: Hat
Stop: A Detective
Tail-Diver: A thief who steals pocket-handkerchiefs from coat-tail pockets.
Thimble: A watch.
Turkey-Merchants: Purchasers of stolen silk.


800 numbers look up. Enter a Product or Service, a Company Name or Toll Free Number and click on Search.





Blood spatter that appears in fine mist form is considered high-velocity splatter.

Because the blood is converted into this fine, mist-like spray, it will not travel very far unless influenced by some external force i.e. open door or breeze.

In almost all cases where high-impact velocity is detected, gunshots are the cause. Other possible causes include explosions.

Through-and-through gunshot wounds to the head produce two sources of blood:

The entrance wound causes blood to be dispersed back toward the barrel of the weapon, known as blow-back spatter. Examine for patterns of blood on the hands of the decedent (suicide), hands of the suspect, and in the barrel of the suspected weapon.

High-velocity spatter, brain, tissue, and bone accompany the exiting projectile and will be found closer to the exit wound.

Monday, November 24, 2003


Nov 19 1926, Ptl. Edward T. Byrns, #4306, 45th (84th) Pct
Nov 22 1926, Ptl. Frank A. Daszkiewicz, #2570, 45th (84th) Pct

At about 3.45 p.m. on November 19, 1926, while performing an 8 am to 4 pm tour of duty, Ptl. Byrns left the 45th Pct.(Poplar Street) station house. As he drove around the precinct he became suspicious of a car with four men in which was driving ahead on him on Hicks St.

He thought he saw the glint of a pistol barrel in the hand of one of the men in the back seat. In front of P.S. 8 on Middagh St. Byrns saw Ptl. Daszkiewicz, and he stopped and called him over. After telling Daszkiewicz of his suspicions, Daskiewicz jumped into the patrol car.

Near Pierrepoint St. Ptl. Byrns pulled alongside the car and ordered the driver to �Pull over to the crub,� then he pulled in front of the other car forcing it to stop. Both officers got out of the police car and walked back toward stopped auto. Neither officer drew their revolvers.

Suddenly the two doors of the sedan opened and shots were fired at the officers. Ptl. Byrns was hit and fell to the sidewalk. All four men leaped from the sedan, as Ptl. Daszkiewicz reached for his revolver, the gunmen fired again and he was hit twice in the abdomen. As he fell forward he managed to grab the last man out of the auto and pulled him to the ground.

As his prisoner tried to fight his way free Daszkiewicz held onto him. A resident of the street came to his assistance and between them they held onto the prisoner until other police officers arrived.

Ptl. Byrns who had been shot just below the heart died on his way to Long Island College Hospital. Ptl. Daszkiewicz was also taken to Long Island College Hospital where he died on Nov. 22, 1926 as a result of his wounds.

Ptl. Byrns was appointed to the NYPD on October 19, 1925. He was born on Nov. 21, 1899, and was the father of two children and a widower, his wife having died shortly before his death. Ptl. Daszkiewicz was appointed to the NYPD on March 26, 1924. He was 33 years old, married, the father of three children.

At the 1927 NYPD annual medals awards ceremony the NYPD Medal of Honor was posthumously awarded to the slain officers. The medals were presented to Mrs. Catherine Byrns the mother of Ptl. Byrns and to the widow of Ptl. Daszkiewicz, Mrs. Veronica Daszkiewicz.


Regular readers of this site no doubt are aware of The Minister�s passion about reading and collecting True Crime books. Although this following book is a novel, it has earned itself a high place on my bookshelf, and I�d like to pass this along to others.

Written by a Retired Homicide Lieutenant from Miami, DEAD RED is more than just another detective mystery.

Nelson Andreu spent twenty-two years in the Miami Police Department�s Homicide Unit. Coming on the job in 1980, Nelson was just in time to see the influx of the Mariel boat-people to the shores of Florida, and specifically Miami, and after just ten moths on patrol he found himself in the Homicide Unit. He remained a homicide detective for fifteen years before being promoted to Sergeant, and he remained there as a Detective Sergeant. He retired in April of 2002, having been promoted to Lieutenant along the way, and remaining in Homicide throughout this career.

He supervised not only the day-to-day homicide cases, but also spearheaded the origin of the Cold Case Squad as well.

He has written an excellent story that makes use of his first-hand knowledge of solving mysterious deaths, and brings the reader inside the workings of a homicide case the way no outsider could have.

I was fortunate to pick this book up recently while in Miami. You won�t be able to find it in your local New York bookstore, but if you go on-line and check out his web site you can put an order in. You won�t be disappointed!

Check it out at:

The winter is right around the corner, and before you know it you�ll find yourself inside � in the comfort of your home � looking for something to read. Plan ahead, and pick the book up while you still have time.


Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: Recognizing When a Child's Injury or Illness Is Caused by Abuse

Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse

Could This Be Child Abuse? Repetitive Accidents. Cutaneous (Skin) Injuries. Bruises. Burns. Poisoning.
Head Injuries. Internal Injuries. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Child Abuse Resources.


Did you know:

Due to public drunkenness being such a problem in 1748 London, the first police force to actually patrol the streets was created.

The BOW STREET RUNNERS were a large advancement in policing; because they actually patrolled the streets rather than sit in "Watch Boxes" as the Watchmen did, they were able to apprehend offenders and control the drunk and disorder mayhem of 18th Century London.

The Metropolitan Police of London, in 1829, became the first organized police force. Under the direction of Sir Robert Peel, the force numbered over 1000 officers. They were known as "Bobbies", a reflection on their leader Robert Peel. This was the first police force organized under a military structure, as well as the first to perform its duties in distinct uniforms.

The first organized police force in America was created in 1838 in Boston. A New York police force was created in 1844, and Philadelphia saw its force started in 1856.


Those who do not learn from history are destined to repeat it.
The question: Just two+ generations ago, in 1923, who was:
1. President of the largest steel company?
2. President of the largest gas company?
3. President of the New York Stock Exchange?
4. Greatest wheat speculator?
5. President of the Bank of International Settlement?
6. Great Bear of Wall Street?

These men were considered some of the world's most successful of their day. Now, 80 years later, the history book asks us, do we know what
ultimately became of them. The answers:

1. The president of the largest steel company, Charles Schwab, died a pauper.
2. The president of the largest gas company, Edward Hopson, went insane.
3. The president of the NYSE, Richard Whitney, was released from prison to
die at home.
4. The greatest wheat speculator, Arthur Cooger, died abroad, penniless.
5. The president of the Bank of International Settlement, shot himself.
6. The Great Bear of Wall Street, Cosabee Livermore, also committed suicide.

However, in that same year, 1923, the PGA Champion and the winner of the important golf tournament, the US Open, was Gene Sarazen. What became of him?

He played golf until he was 92, died in 1999 at the age of 95. He was financially secure at the time of his death.

The moral: Screw work. Play golf. You'll live longer and be better off in the end.

HAPPY HOLIDAY WISHES TO ALL! Enjoy your turkey, or whatever you have for this holiday celebration. Hoping all are safe and healthy!


November 25, 1933 Ptl Peter Costa, 3Div, Shot-Robbery in Progress
November 25, 1946 Lt Charles Michie, ESU, Explosion-rescue
November 25, 1946 Ptl Peter Knudsen, ESU, Explosion-rescue
November 25, 1946 Ptl Francis O�Hara, 102 Pct, Explosion-rescue
November 27, 1963 Det Ronald Rolker, 18 Sqd, Shot-Robbery, off duty
November 29, 1941 Ptl James Collins, 62 Pct, Line of duty heart attack
November 30, 1900 Ptl William Baumeister, 29 Pct, Shot-Assault arrest
November 30, 1957 Ptl Joseph Rauchut, Mcy2, Motorcycle accident on patrol

Friday, November 21, 2003


The following story was Written and Researched by Retired NYPD Sergeant Michael E. J. Bosak. Mike is the Police Historian for Memorial Lodge 100, Fraternal Order of Police. This story is copyright by Michael E.J. Bosak. It is a very interesting report on the Draft Riots that took place in New York City in 1863, and that claimed the lives of four Patrolman, all fatally wounded while bravely discharging their duty, during these riots that took place between July 13 through July 16, 1863.

Tuesday, the 14th of July 1863, was one of those hot sweltering days of midsummer when any kind of bodily exertion is an ordeal. For the patrolmen of the West 35th Street Station things were not going well. With insignificant sleep, most of the 58 men of the 20th Precinct (today�s Midtown South Pct.) had been constantly on the go since Monday morning when the Draft Riots started at 46th Street and 3rd Ave. The men were responding here and there, without rest, to lynchings, looting, arson, and murderous assaults by mobs of rabble south of 57th Street.

With only one sergeant and a handful of patrolmen left to safeguard the station house, 216 black orphans, none over the age of twelve, had taken refuge at 212 West 35th Street on Monday afternoon, when the Colored Orphan Asylum was burned down. That number quickly swelled to over 400 blacks by nightfall with the elderly and defenseless seeking the shelter and safety of the station house. Furthermore, things were now about to go from bad to worse. That afternoon, the Central Office (Police Headquarters) received a telegraph message from the 16th Precinct, "Colored children are now at the Twentieth, and the crowd say they are coming to sack the building." A mob of evildoers was now going to attempt to put the torch to the station house, and vent its rage on the defenseless blacks taking refuge on 35th Street along with the handful of defending police. This battle would result in one of the finest moments in the history of the policing of New York City. But before we get ahead of ourselves, we have to go back to the beginning and the facts leading to that fateful event.

It was now the third year of an extremely bloody war and the draft for the most part was opposed by most of New York�s poor Irish, for the wealthy could buy their way out of serving their country for $300. Moreover, confusion and rumors helped Southern sympathizers to visualize an advantageous insurrection in NYC. In June, most functioning militia units within 150 miles of New York had been summoned to the seat of the war � Gettysburg, Pennsylvania-- to help stop the advancement of the Confederates and Robert E. Lee. Essentially, this action stripped the city of any backup in case of large civil disorders. The battle of Gettysburg had just ended in Union victory, but communications and intelligence were poor in July of 1863.

Furthermore, the Metropolitan Police were short patrolmen that July. The department only had a total of 1452 patrolmen to police the City of New York. The 133rd Infantry, New York Volunteers, better know as the "Metropolitan Police Brigade," made up entirely of New York and Brooklyn police officers, had assaulted the breastworks and gun emplacements at Port Hudson, resulting in the Confederate surrender of that city. In their "Union Blues" with Metropolitan Police buttons affixed to their uniforms and fixed bayonets, they had proudly stained the Louisiana Red River clay with their crimson blood and earthy perspiration. (A noteworthy story about great people, better left to another day to give those brave officers their deserving respect and esteem.)

The draft started innocently enough on Saturday, with a large number of men randomly selected at the 9th District Provost Marshall Office, 677 3rd Avenue. But by Monday morning, thousands had assembled in the vicinity of 46th Street and 3rd Avenue. The detail was then increased from one and twelve to 60 patrolmen at the enrollment office. Everything was in good order until about 10 a.m. when "The Black Joke", Engine Co. 33 of the New York�s Fire Department arrived on the scene from West 58th Street. The company was composed exclusively of men known as "roughs" - freehanded, daring, turbulent, volunteer firemen, ready for what they called a "muss". Several had been drafted, and they telegraphed the 19th Precinct on East 59th Street, announcing that they were going to burn down the draft office. And burn it down they did, along with half the block! At half past ten, somebody fired a pistol shot in front of the building and a storm of stones broke the windows of the draft office and pummeled New York Finest. A scene of furious brutality followed.

The first serious victim of the riot was the Superintendent John A. Kennedy (today�s rank of Chief of Department). On his way to 3rd Avenue, he was beaten so badly that he was almost unrecognizable. Covered with blood and mud, he had his clothes ripped from his body. In fact, when he was removed to Police Headquarters at 300 Mulberry Street, Thomas C. Acton, the President of the Police Board (today�s Police Commissioner) didn�t recognize him and ordered him arrested. He remained in critical condition until well after the riots had been put down. Other police officers were hunted down and severely attacked. One was even thrown from the roof of a building. Over the next four days, scores of police officers would be brutally beaten, shot, stabbed and stomped senseless. Four would die and two station houses, the 18th Precinct , at 325, East 22nd Street (22nd Streeet & 1st avenue), and the 23rd Precinct on East 86th Street were turned into ashes and rubble.

The rioters, who had started out as groups of lawful citizens protesting the draft, were now joined by "thieves, burglars, pickpockets, incendiaries and jailbirds of all descriptions in the neighborhood."

Two of the first things the rioters did was sack and burn the Armory on the corner of 2nd Avenue and 21st Street, and then repeat the dirty deed around 4 p.m. at the "Orphan Asylum for Colored Children", 44th Street and 5th Avenue. They gleefully and indiscriminately hunted down blacks and police officers alike. However, the defenseless blacks, by far, would receive the worst of it. Young, old, male or female � it didn�t matter. Those that could be found and caught were beaten, set on fire, or hanged from trees or lampposts all over the city. Later that night the rioters torched the 23rd Precinct�s station house on East 86th Street near 5th Avenue. It, too, burned to the ground.

Which now brings us to Tuesday afternoon and one of those marvelous moments that rarely occurs in time. A moment when true heroes stand tall and perform their duty in the face of over whelming adversity. To the police officers of the West 35th Street Police Station, this would be that defining moment.

At approximately half past twelve in the afternoon, the West 35th Street Arsenal came under heavy attack by a riotous mob seeking guns. Other mobs were sacking and burning a hotel on 11th Avenue and a large feed store at 9th Avenue and 29th Street. Then at half past two, the 22nd Precinct (today�s Midtown North) reported that a company of infantry from the 10th Regiment, New York Volunteers, had been overrun at 10th Avenue and 44th Street. It also reported that this mob was now heading for the West 35th Street station house to burn it down and kill the blacks taking refuge there.
Ten minutes later the West 35th Street Station telegraphed the Central Office, "We expect to be attacked. Shall we fight to the bitter end?" A minute later, they received this potent telegraphic answer from 300 Mulberry Street � "Fight"

Like many other heroic acts performed day in and day out by New York�s police officers, not much is known of the fight. The New York Times reported that the few officers inside the station house barricaded the doors and windows. They also reported the mob made seven charges against the station house and never succeeded.

There was no bitter ending that July afternoon on West 35th Street for either the strong or the weak. For the police, the duty was arduous and responsible, and it was performed with vigor and fidelity. The officers acted with courage and ability. For this one time, good had prevailed over evil, and the mostly destitute black refugees were saved to face another day.

Dedicated to: Ptl. Edward Dipple � 25th Pct. (Broadway Squad)
Ptl. Peter McIntyre � 29th Precinct
Ptl. John T. Van Buren � 8th Precinct
Ptl. John Starkey � Central Office

I would like to thank Mike for sharing this story with us!


The Brooklyn/Staten Island 10-13 Club would like everyone to be advised of the following.

In February of 2004 Herman Bell will be eligible for parole, and in July of 2004 his fellow Black Panther Anthony Bottom will be eligible.

These two individuals ambushed and shot police officers Joseph Piagentini and Waverly Jones in the back numerous times as they returned to their radio car after responding to a routine call for a women in distress. Both officers died as a result of this cold blooded ambush, leaving behind two widows and five children.

Please go to the organizations Web Site at:

On the home page you will find two links, one to Governor Pataki, and the other to the NYS Parole Board. Please print out the two letters and mail them immediately.

Please pass this message along to all those on your personal e-mail lists, and ask them to do the same.

Let's make sure that we do all we can to see that Anthony Bottom and Herman Bell remain exactly where they are until they take their last breath on this earth.


Info Space
Guide to finding people, places and things.


World Directories
Global Yellow Pages

Isn't Jimmy Rizzetello doing a great job at BNDO? Now that he's back from active-duty Coast Guard service maybe he can teach some of the new-bucks how things get done; the way Kevin Murphy used to run things when he was in charge! Paul Molloy keeps trying to mind his own business, which is pretty hard to do occupying the seat in front of the desk that he does. Keep up the good work, Heather!

Although I don�t know how to add actual �Links� on this site, I am listing those sites which I think you�ll find interesting (and would be on a �Links� list if I knew how to do that!). You can utilize �cut & paste� for this purpose, then �bookmark� them for future reference.

Squad Security, Inc.

NYC Police Museum

REMA: Retired Emergency Man�s Association

National Police Support Network Inc

E-Investigator (Info and people-search links)

Organized Crime information

Tom Natoli�s Transit Police Web Site

NYS Shields

NY Cop Online Magazine

John E. Reid & Associates, Investigative support

Retired Guardian�s, Transit Police and NYPD

NY Transit Police Florida Reunion & Info Site

Phones and other searches: (reverse) (reverse) (reverse)

Cell Phone Carrier

Cigar Afficionado

Manhattanville College Mens Lacrosse

Villanova University Women�s Lacrosse

Monday, November 17, 2003


On November 16, 1929, Ptl. John J. Duffy, Sh# 1233 of the 23rd Pct, was killed in the line of duty.

While on patrol Ptl. Duffy and another patrolman observed a suspicious man loitering near a cigar store at 1760 2nd Ave., Manhattan. When the officers walked in the direction of the man he fled on foot and a chase began.

During the chase through various streets shots were fired at the officers, and they returned fire.

Finally, after following the gunman into a hallway, Ptl. Duffy was shot and killed. The gunman was shot three times and arrested by other officers.

Ptl. Duffy was appointed to the NYPD on Nov. 20, 1913. At the time of his death he was 42 years old, married and the father of two children. At the 1930 annual NYPD Medal Day ceremonies Ptl. Duffy was posthumously awarded the NYPD Medal of Honor. The medal was presented to his widow, Mrs. Catherine Duffy, by Acting Mayor Joseph V. McKee


Algor Mortis

A person�s metabolism generates heat, which is closely regulated by the body within a fairly narrow range.

After death, the heat production ceases, and the body will cool to the approximate ambient temperature.

A basic formula to use is:

98.6 � measured rectal temperature (divided by) 1.5 = hours since death

Again, just a guideline.

Determining the �Time Since Death� is, at best, accurate to within 4 hours.


Do yourself a favor, right now. Don�t wait, and continue to repeat this to anyone on patrol who will stay still long enough to listen.

(We undoubtedly have countless numbers of stories where a video tape was removed by patrol for their review, and took us hours to get it back; or where a tape was removed and rewound and we had no idea what part of the tape contained our images. This is especially difficult when you are hoping to get a glimpse of someone walking by a camera, and not the actual crime in its entirety. Which image was it? Try to figure that out without knowing the proper time-stamp issues!)

TARU has developed a set of recommendations regarding video tape recovery at crime scenes. By sharing this with the patrol supervisors ASAP you MAY prevent destruction of what could have been a valuable video tape. Only a suggestion, but perhaps you�ll want to share it with the Precinct C.O. for dissemination at Supervisors meetings, etc.

Video Recovery At Crime Scenes:

Before ejecting the tape from recorder be sure to write down the time and date DISPLAYED on the security TV monitor, then record the ACTUAL time and date. The difference will give the investigator the exact time differential to the minute. This information is critical to the investigation and prosecution.
Believe it or not but not all of these CCTV systems have the correct time and date displayed. It�s like the VCR you have at home; if it wasn�t set properly, and calibrated regularly, who knows what time/date is being displayed. Imagine the problem you have when you�re trying to find the sequence at 0200 hours on November 14, 2003, and the tape you are playing back reads �January 1, 1998�. Good luck!

If patrol removes the tape and tries to play it back before taking this first step, it may require reviewing a 180 minute recording from start to finish to see if there is anything on it. Besides, the value at prosecution will be diminished.

Make sure that someone records WHO removed the tape, and from where it was removed.

DO NOT PLAY the video in the original recorder as many time-lapse machines are on automatic record mode, and will erase incident if the tape is inserted in recorder. DO NOT play in the squad�s machine as these machines are not maintained and may destroy the tape. BRING IT TO TARU. (This may be easier said than done, especially when you have a patrol commander on your back looking for the perp info; try to explain the reasons logically).

Never freeze frame or pause on a single image as the tape will stretch and be damaged, possibly destroying evidence.

IN AN EMERGENCY, if the tape must be viewed, return the tape to the position where it was recovered i.e. if the VCR counter reads 01:03:02 when you start playing it, bring it back to same. Don�t lose your place. If you come across incident then press STOP, and eject the tape.

Keep video tape and other similar evidence away from magnets as it will erase them. Some examples of this include stereo speakers and the red cherry bubble-light in unmarked vehicles.

Make sure the MOS who delivers the tape is prepared to supply the TARU analysist with all relevant information.

Call TARU at 718-971-1400, ext. 1445, for video analysis appointment.

If you are having trouble with �cut-and-paste� of these guidelines I�m sure that you could call TARU and ask them to fax you their written standards; or if you e-mail me I will be glad to fax you the 1-page TARU instructions.


Every investigation should start by asking the question: what happened?

The common misconception on the part of homicide investigators is to ask who did this? This is wrong and will cause problems in all other areas of the case, and may very often result in unsolved cases.

Once the question of what happened is answered, the investigator should be concerned with �why�. Why something occurred is establishing the motive.

Once you know what happened and why it happened, who did it should become self-evident.


The Squad Room, no matter where you work, undoubtedly has many similarities.

Least of which are the antics carried on by detectives on each other. Every squad has its share; there is the squad-clown, who will get blamed for everything that goes on whether he�s there at the time or not (names such as John Barba, Pete Sloan, and Vito Friscia come to mind), and there is inevitably the squad-target, who is the favorite recipient of these pranksters.

One of the classic pranks involves the �moving-of-the-parked-car�. In this, one of the clowns (probably Nicky) gets access to an unsuspecting targets car keys. Maybe he left them on his desk when he ran out on a case, or maybe he left them in his coat pocket on the coat rack. So now the clowns make a copy of the key, and return the original before John Muller even knows they�re gone. Imagine the possibilities now. Move the parked car from one side of the street to the other; park the car in the CO�s parking space; park the car in the driveway of the grouch next door that always calls to complain. You get the idea. The classic �move-the-parked-car� is always ripe for an endless number of possibilities. Next thing you know the car is left in the targets driveway, while he�s still at work, leaving all befuddled.

Then there�s always the �add-the-name-to-the-mailing-list� routine. The portly detective starts getting catalogs, in the squad room, from �Tall and Big Man Clothes�; the hard-of-hair gets the latest �Mens Hair Club� and Rogaine sales brochure; the �English-as-a-second-language� for the oratorically hampered. More endless possibilities for the jokester.

One of the best that I recall required a little more work, but was a true classic. The �move-the-shirt-button� maneuver. In this one, the unsuspecting target was a detective who had his shirts dry cleaned locally and left them on the front of his locker when he got into work. A little quick-footed work by the clown made this a true classic. It involved taking the shirts to the tailor down the block, and asking him to move the top button �just a little bit tighter�, explaining how his shirts had become loose now that he �lost weight�. Returning the shirts to its original position, the target suddenly began to notice his shirts getting tighter in the neck; �must need a little adjustment in my diet� he thinks. This one really plays a trick on ones mind. A true classic!

I once knew a detective who casually changed the cap on another target�s shoe shine polish. This works with a black and cordovan, but won�t work on brown as the color difference is too close. This subtle change leaves the target putting black polish on his cordovan shoes; just a subtle difference, but one that leaves him wondering all the same.

Every detective knows someone who fell prey to the �change-the-typewriter-key� move. You know the move; inter-change two of the typewriter key buttons, maybe the �t� and the �f�, so that the hunt-and-peck detective typist is victim to an unreadable typed report now that these two letters are interchanged, and leaves him shaking his head wondering what�s wrong as he tries to type his reports. Another detective classic.

It�s a wonder anything gets done!


November 20, 1980 PO James Dunston, PDA5, Shot- Burglary arrest
November 22, 1857 Ptl Horatio Sanger, 9 Pct, Head injury
November 22, 1930 Ptl William Senk, Motorcycle 2, motorcycle accident
November 23, 1938 Ptl Clarence Clark & Ptl Victor Cooper, 105 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
November 23, 1989 Det Keith Williams, QDAOS, Shot by prisoner
November 24, 1939 Ptl Michael Lonjo, 75 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
November 24, 1971 PO Patrick O�Connor, ESU, Auto accident on patrol


Send an e-mail to:

Friday, November 14, 2003

"Experience is not what happens to a man. It is what a man does with what happens to him." Aldous Leonard Huxley, 1894-1963


November 7, 1864: Ptl.Joseph Nulet, 29th Pct. Metropolitan PD, (10th Pct)

At about 3.00 am on November 7, 1864, Ptl. Nulet was taking to the station house a man he had arrested for disorderly conduct. This male had tried to force his way into a house of prostitution at 77 West 24th Street.

At 29th Street and Fifth Ave. the prisoner produced a pistol and shot the officer in the head. Ptl. Nulet fell to the street mortally wounded.

Ptl. Raskin of the same precinct, hearing the shot, responded to the scene and saw the murderer fleeing. He gave chase, but he was soon out of sight and escaped.

Ptl. Nulet was taken to the station house but died there soon afterwards.

Ptl. Nulet was 27 years old, married with two children.


Please accept my apologies for an error in the last posting to this site, which I accept full responsibility for. (Seeing that I have no other staff except myself, there is really no other level of responsibility to accept!)

DET. DONNA TORRES, who contributed information on the �Crime Time� web site and it�s help to investigators, was mistakenly identified as a BNHS member.


That was my typo mistake; you type BNHS enough times every day on all sorts of communications and then you go and make a mistake like that. SORRY!

Our new Detective Commander in Brooklyn North, DI Ken Lindahl, would have a lot to say about that, being the former squad commander of MANHATTAN NORTH Homicide.

The Minister stands corrected!


Rigor Mortis

Muscular relaxation immediately after death is followed by the onset of gradual rigidity.

This rigidity is the result of chemical changes in the bodies muscles. Since it is a chemical change, keep in mind that it is accelerated by heat and decelerated by cold.

Other factors affecting a bodies rigor state include illness, temperature, activity before death, and the physical condition of the area where the body was placed or found.

Rigor mortis may be poorly formed in the old or the young.

Once someone has broken rigor, it will not reform.

Keeping all of this in mind, the following is a general guideline regarding the state of rigor and the time frame to reach that state.

First Detectable: 1-6 hours
Fully Developed: 6-24 hours
Disappears: 12-36 hours


After reviewing some old homicide folders, the following DD forms were recently discovered. In the interest of keeping your data up to date, I�m passing this on.

DD8: Index of Person Wanted.
This is an index card, green in color, for the squad to keep track of Wanted people. Filed by Surname, it contained captions for the Complaint Number, Date Reported, Precinct Number, and a Remarks section.

DD14: Resume of Homicide Case.
This was a long, legal size form that contained all of the information concerning a homicide case. Detective reporting, details of the incident, victims name, etc. This long, two sided form contained everything you needed to know about a homicide incident, and contained captions to be updated as the case progressed.


Crime Scene Investigation
Guidelines, evidence collections and preservation, information.

Some Multi-Link Resource Sites:

Telephone Resources


November 12, 1922 Ptl Charles Hoffman, 3 Pct, LOD accident
November 12, 1986 PO Kenton Britt, Hwy3, Auto accident on patrol
November 13, 1968 Ptl Joseph Pignataro, 46 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
November 13, 1989 Det Richard Guerzon, QDAOS, Shot by prisoner during transport
November 14, 1907 Ptl Edward Kavanagh, 47 Pct, Shot: Robbery pursuit
November 15, 1930 Ptl William Vorden, Traffic C, LOD heart attack
November 17, 1929 Ptl John Duffy, 23 Pct, Shot: Robbery in progress
November 17, 1945 Ptl Francis McKeon, 34 Pct, Shot by EDP
November 18, 1961 Ptl Charles Gunther, 105 Pct, Motorcycle accident on patrol
November 19, 1926 Ptl Edward Byrns, 45 Pct, Shot-pursuit

Monday, November 10, 2003

"It is hard to believe that a man is telling the truth when you know that you would lie if you were in his place."
Henry Louis Mencken, 1880-1956


I was surprised at the number of responses I received to the recent �quiz� on the UF-33.

Originally submitted to me by Ret. Capt Frank Bolz, I threw it out there to see if any other readers recalled what it was, or could figure it out. Apparently many did.

The UF28 was submitted to the Roll Call officer with a $5. bill attached to ensure you got the day off. Or, as someone put it, �The roll call hairbag-empty suit wouldn't honor the request� without the appropriate attachment.


Not to be outdone, and in keeping department history properly reported, Ret. Det1 John Reilly added the following information concerning the UF33.

It seems that there was a Form UF 33 listed in the 1965 R & P, which is noted as being the �Report of Inspection of Winter or Summer Uniforms.�

There were other UF 33 forms as well:
UF 33a Certification and Acceptance of order for uniforms
UF 33b Certification and Acceptance of Order- Inspection of Equipment Bureau
UF 33c Equipment Bureau Inspection Report- Mandatory Procurement of Uniform
UF 33d Notice of Rejected Uniform

Never say you don�t get your department history properly reported at this site!


As noted previously on this site, and taken from Lt. Phil �Sundance� Panzarella and the legendary Ret. Lt Dan Kelly, both of Queens Homicide fame, the following are the �Four Steps That Solve Homicides�:

Crime Scenes

Crime Scene processing for the preservation and recovery of evidence is essential.

Talking to people, canvassing the area, and the debriefing of individuals is one of the most important steps to a good investigation. A good detective is like a good salesman; talking to others constantly, seeking information, is what makes a detective a �good� detective. Never discount the importance of a canvass. A canvass is NOT a tedious task assigned to those for the sake of making �busy� work; canvasses are essential investigative steps! Do them with a positive attitude, and you will receive positive results. (A little elaboration by The Minister here).

Record searches, background checks, and computer database reviews are the tasks that put a good case together.

Surveillance, observation, and the apprehension of the identified suspect, which you derived from completing the other three tasks, closes your case with positive results.

Interviews produce tips that lead to surveillance and apprehensions!

It is interesting to note that, the PRINCIPLES OF HOMICIDE INVESTIGATION, or the THREE factors that solve crime according to Louis Eliopulos in his text �Death Investigator�s Handbook,

1. Physical Evidence
2. Witness statements
3. Confessions

While it is basically the same, I like Dan Kelly�s principles much better!


Here is another very interesting and useful tool which Det. Donna Torres of BNHS wants to pass along to everyone.


If you click on the left side of page under : BLACKBOOK ONLINE you will find numerous free searches, including reverse numbers, any (under skip trace, sometimes works better than BETA), death records, fone finder, bankruptcy, licensed doctors, lawyers etc.



I recently received the following from Ret. Capt. Frank Bolz, concerning retirement, and thought it was quite appropriate.

�It seems that back in 1956 or 57, the PBA gave up COLA on the pension for addition $100.00 increase in annual salary, for a $300 raise instead of $200. Of course you were only making less than $5,000 a year at that time, so that was less than $2.00 a week.

Many readers who are still on the job are within a few years of retirement. Don't give away, or bargain away, your life's retirement benefits that you will be receiving for the rest of your life.

Speaking as a retired cop, remember these words:


We all worked those lousy late tours and froze our tails, but hopefully we will all make our twenty (or plus)on the job and do another twenty plus retired. The pension system can handle it!�

Thanks, Frank, for such appropriate words to be remembered by all!


"It's my job to uncover the truth, wherever it lies, wherever it's buried." McGarrett

Among his more famous �Book-em Danno, Murder One�, this is another one of the �famous� Five-O quotes you�ll find on the Hawaii Five-O Fan Club site. (Yes, there is actually such a site!). If you ever enjoyed Hawaii Five-O, you�ll have to check this out. It�s a lot of fun, full of real buff-stuff that The Minister recommends!

Thursday, November 06, 2003

"Lawyer, n. One skilled in the circumvention of the law." -Ambrose Bierce


When examining an outdoor crime scene, or any scene where there is a risk of footprint contamination, consider the following.

It is a good idea to have the investigators and all other visitors to the scene place a strip of duct tape on the bottom of each shoe to readily identify and distinguish any shoe prints of recent origin.


Det. James L. Daggett, Shield #727, of the Safe Loft & Truck Squad was killed in the line of duty on September 10, 1951, while conducting an investigation.

On that day Detective Daggett was killed when he and three other Detectives interrupted four men who were in the middle of setting a fire.

Detective Daggett and the other Detectives observed the four men enter a building at 9 West 18th Street in Manhattan, carrying a number of cartons in. The men exited the building carrying empty cartons. Two of the men left in their car and two others re-entered the building.

Two Detectives stopped the two suspects in the car and questioned them. The suspects confessed that they planed to burn the building down. Detective Daggett and another Detective entered the building to apprehend the two suspects inside when a large explosion occurred, killing Detective Daggett and one suspect. The other Detective and suspect were injured. The three remaining suspect were later indicted for Murder in the first degree.


If the form for requesting a day off was always a UF28, referred all over as �a 28�, and there was never a form known as a UF33, then what was it meant when you had to �File a UF33 for a day off�?

Any idea?

E-mail me at:

Maybe you�ll win a prize!


Executive Protection Institute: Training for personal protection.

Cecil Greek�s Criminal Justice Page: Multi-listing of forensic resources.


"When you're slapped, you'll take it and like it!"
-- Sam Spade (Humphrey Bogart) to Joel Cairo in The Maltese Falcon.

Evelyn Mulwray: What were you doing (in Chinatown)?
Jake: Working for the district attorney.
Evelyn: Doing what?
Jake: As little as possible.
Evelyn: The district attorney gives his men advice like that?
Jake: They do in Chinatown.
-- From CHINATOWN, between Jake Gittes (Nicholson) and Evelyn Mulwray (Faye Dunaway).


It has come to my attention, through confidential sources, that the former Minister of Stats � Retired Sgt. SDS Chris Cincotta � did NOT have this web site bookmarked in his �favorite places�, and forgot the web address!

That can�t be true, can it Chris?

While you have the chance, click on that red box on the top right corner of your screen, and be sure to bookmark this page. Hope you�re keeping everyone at Lehman Brothers safe and secure!

How hard can that be?

While we�re on the subject, I bet Chris has a few stories relating to the Ret. Squad Commander of the 77 Squad, Pete Tartaglia, and his affinity for the movie flick CHINATOWN. Remember, Chris, it�s Chinatown�


November 1, 1923 Ptl. Ale Swider, 33 Pct, Motorcycle accident
November 1, 1931 Ptl. Howard Peterson, 66 Pct, LOD accident
November 3, 1892 Det. John Carey, Central Office Squad, Shot-Arrest
November 3, 1931 Sgt. Thomas Madigan, 30 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
November 4, 1966 Ptl. Anthony Campisi, 1 Div, Stabbed-investigation
November 5, 1924 Ptl. John Honahan, Mcy Dist, Auto accident on patrol
November 5, 1928 Ptl. Henry Behnstedt, Traffic Div, Auto accident on patrol
November 6, 1978 Det. Horace Ford, SCU, Shot-off duty robbery
November 7, 1864 Ptl. Joseph Nulet, no further info available
November 7, 1937 Det. Arthur DeMarrais, 88 Sqd, Injured-assaulted
November 8, 1930 Ptl. Charles Weidig, 28 Pct, Shot-robbery in progress
November 8, 1937 Ptl. George Pierson, GCP Pct, Motorcycle accident
November 8, 1955 Ptl. John Albanesi, 60 Pct, LOD heart attack
November 9, 1970 Sgt. Henry Tustin, 32 Pct, Shot-robbery