Monday, December 31, 2001


In the past week, in the 75 Squad alone, we've lost over 60 years of experience... and it's just starting!

Det First Grade Thomas Maher performed his last tour of duty on Friday, December 28. Tommy had over 28 years of experience, and is one of the finest homicide investigators I've had the priviledge of knowing. Today, Monday December 31, 2001 was the last tour of duty for Det 2nd Grade Joseph Quinn, with close to 35 years of experience!!. These detectives cannot be replaced, and they will be sorely missed!

In this past month alone experienced detectives have been dropping left and right. The 77 Squad lost Det John Barba and Det 2nd Grade Brian Gundlach, and are set to lose Det Fred Neglia and Det Bobby Moore - a combined 80 years of experience!

This is merely a very partial list of retirees - the list goes on and on!

We wish these detectives all the best in their upcoming retirement - and hope to be able to continue the work they have performed day in and day out. Good luck to all!!!!


The Minister wishes all a very Happy and Joyous New Year!

We have experienced a year that is beyond explanation. We can only hope that the coming New Year will bring peace and joy to all. We certainly have earned it! Let me take this moment to wish everyone all the best in the coming New Year!


A recent (Dec. 31, 2001) obituary in NEWSDAY noted an NYPD legend, Det. Frank Malerba, had died.

Malerbal is noted as the legendary police detective whose �exploits in gunning down an infamous killer during a wild 1955 shootout in East Harlem was turned into a Hollywood movie"�

Malerba fatally shot murder suspect August Robles inside an East Harlem apartment, ending an hours-long confrontation that later inspired the film �Madigan� with Richard Widmark and Henry Fonda.

Malerba was 88 years old at the time of his death. He retired from the force in 1963, and jumped back into the headlines in 1989 when, at age 76, he shot a teenage mugger in the leg after the youth had just robbed a woman.

He was a detective out of an old James Cagney movie!

He regaled detectives a third his age after the 1989 incident, telling stories about police work back in the 1940�s and 1950�s and marveling lightheartedly at h0wnthe Police Department had changed. �They don�t make detectives like they used to�, noted Malerba.

His status in Police Department lore began in 1955 when he fatally shot murder suspect August Robles inside an East Harlem apartment, ending an hours-long confrontation. Hundreds of officers were involved in the showdown with Robles, who was wanted in a Brooklyn murder. After his long time partner in the 23 Squad, Det. Vincent Heffernan, and the squad commander, Lt. Charles Dauner, were wounded trying to capture Robles, it came down to Malerba as more than a thousand area residents gathered in the streets. �I remained hugging the ground� Malerba recounted in an interview after the incident. �I kept firing into the apartment and he fired back. I yelled to him �Come out with your hands up and you�ll come out alive�. He yelled back �let me think it over�.

Robles stuck to an earlier promise not to be taken alive wouldn�t give in, which prompted ESU officers to bombard the apartment with tear gas.

When the smoke cleared Malerba went in and found Robles lying on his back, with four guns - three of them taken from police officers - by his side.

�I took no chances� Malerba said. �He�s a tricky guy, so I pegged one more shot at him� he recalled.

Malerba never let the fame go to his head. According to his partner Heffernen, he reveled in the everyday satisfaction of �going after guys who had taken advantage of others�. Malerba always talked fondly of the job, and was truly one of the department�s legends.

�He was into the job�, said his partner Heffernen. He truly was!


Check out the newly re-vamped web site for Hostage Negotiators:

Friday, December 28, 2001



New York�s first police officer was both policeman and prosecutor.

When Peter Minuit purchased Manhattan Island from the Indians in 1624, the council established by the Dutch West India Company included a �shout-fiscal� or sheriff-attorney. His duties were to enforce the rules of the company, maintain order, arraign violators before the judge and present the case both for and against the prisoner. He also executed sentence, which generally consisted of hanging the culprit from a gibbet by his waist and keeping him suspended spreadeagle fashion in mid-air for the designated period of time!

As the colony grew, more protection became necessary and a �burger wagt� or citizens guard was established. This was a night watch, with citizens taking their turn. The regulations of 1643 provided fines for watchmen blaspheming, speaking ill of a comrade (imagine that one!!), as well as for being absent from watch, becoming �fuddled� or intoxicated, or discharging a gun or musket while off duty.

By 1652, when the town was incorporated as New Amsterdam, the watch had been equipped with rattles for summoning aid. It was referred to as the �rattle watch�. Fines were added for sleeping on post, loss of musket and being late to duty (some things never change).

In 1658, a paid rattle watch of eight men was established to substitute for the citizens� guard. This might be considered the first police department.


"The income tax law is a lot of bunk. The government can't collect legal taxes from illegal money".
Al Capone

On April 23, 1930, the Chicago Crime Commission issued its first Public Enemies List; there were 28 names on it, and Al Capone's was the first. Capone headed an enormous crime organization that netted huge profits from the illegal liquor trade and he became a legendary symbol of the violent gangsterism of the Prohibition era.

For years Capone remained immune to prosecution for his criminal activities. In June 1930, after an exhaustive investigation by the federal government, Capone was indicted for income tax evasion. One of the most notorious criminals of the 20th century--the man held most responsible for the bloody lawlessness of Prohibition-era Chicago--was imprisoned for tax evasion.

The trial was highly publicized. Hollywood celebrity Edward G. Robinson, who had portrayed a Capone-like character in the movie "Little Caesar," attended 1 day to observe the gangster role model, Capone. The names, addresses, and occupations of the 12 jurors who decided the case and signed this verdict were printed in Chicago newspapers. To reduce the chances of jury tampering, the judge tried to keep the trial as short as possible and confined the jury at night. During the trial, the prosecution documented Capone's lavish spending, evidence of a colossal income. The government also submitted proof that Capone was aware of his obligation to pay federal income tax but failed to do so. After nearly 9 hours of deliberation, the jurors found Capone guilty of three felonies and two misdemeanors, relating to his failure to pay and/or file his income taxes between 1925 and 1929. Judge Wilkerson sentenced Al Capone to serve 11 years in prison and to pay $80,000 in fines and court cost

Friday, December 21, 2001


The Minister wishes everyone good tidings and a very HAPPY HOLIDAYS message!
Hope Santa is good to all!


Did you know that:

Due to public drunkenness being such a problem in 1748 London, the first police force to actually patrol the streets was created. The BOW STREET RUNNERS were a large advancement in policing; because they actually patrolled the streets rather than sit in "Watch Boxes" as the Watchmen did, they were able to apprehend offenders and control the drunk and disorder mayhem of 18th Century London.

The Metropolitan Police of London, in 1829, became the first orghanized police force. Under the direction of Sir Robert Peel, the force numbered over 1000 officers. They were known as "Bobbies", a reflection on their leader Robert Peel. This was the first police force organized under a military structure, as well as the first to perform its duties in distinct uniforms.

The first organized police force in America was created in 1838 in Boston. A New York police force was created in 1844, and Philadelphia saw its force started in 1856.


"It's my job to uncover the truth, wherever it lies, wherever it's buried." McGarrett

Among his more famous �Book-em Danno, Murder One�, this is another one of the �famous� Five-O quotes you�ll find on the Hawaii Five-O Fan Club site. (Yes, there is actually such a site!). If you ever enjoyed Hawaii Five-O, you�ll have to check this out. It�s a lot of fun, full of real buff-stuff that The Minister recommends!


Trends and Characteristics of Youth Homicides Examined.

"Homicides of Children and Youth" (12 pp.) (NCJ 187239)
draws on FBI and other data to provide a statistical portrait of juvenile homicide victimization. Initiatives designed to help prevent such murders are also explored.

Access full text at:

Sunday, December 16, 2001


New Jersey has instituted new lineup procedures, and the Brooklyn DA�s Office is reviewing them for possible adoption as well!

The typical lineup, in which an array of possible suspects are viewed all at once, and is conducted by someone who knows who the real suspect is, has changed in New Jersey. Could Brooklyn be far behind?

In New Jersey, lineups now involve a witness viewing a series of possible suspects one at a time. Known as a �Double Blind Test�, this process is administered by somebody who doesn�t know who the real suspect is. These new changes in procedures took place on October 15, at the request of the NJ Attorney General, John J. Farmer.

These changes, recommended by the NJ Attorney General, were precipitated by the growing number of innocent prisoners nationwide who have been exonerated through post-conviction DNA testing.

A study of exonerated prisoner cases � almost 100 of them � shows mistaken identification was the #1 cause of wrongful convictions. This accounts for more innocent people being sent to prison than all other causes combined.

The adoption of the new rules doesn�t mean there was anything wrong with the old way, says Attorney General Farmer, just that there may be a better way. The new guidelines are recommendations, and are NOT mandates. They should certainly be of interest to us nonetheless.

Of particular interest should be the fact that the Brooklyn DA�s Office is cited as considering these same guidelines for lineups. The new procedures incorporate the changes recommended following more than 20 years of psychological research into the causes of mistaken identification.

The two big changes in lineups, intended to reduce the number of misidentifications, are
1. Sequential viewing, and
2. Double blind testing

Sequential Viewing: Showing one possible suspect at a time. The viewer must then make a yes or no decision about one person before moving to the next person. The showing of a group, according to research, has a tendency for the viewer to compare each person in the lineup with one another, and then pick the one who looks the most like the perp. In the sequential viewing, the viewer must make a yes or no decision at the time of viewing the individual suspect, not getting a comparison view.

It is noted that in most of the DNA exonerated cases the actual offender wasn�t part of the lineup from which the wrong person was selected.

Double Blind Testing: Conducting the lineup with a person who does not know the identity of the suspect is intended to ensure there is no unintentional influence made on a witnesses decision one way or the other. The feeling is that someone who knows the suspect in a lineup can inadvertently influence the outcome. Of particular interest is the accepted feeling, as quoted in the research, that �If the person giving the test knows what the desirable answer is, he or she is almost certainly going to leak that information to the witness�. !! (That says a lot for the police lineup!!)

New Jersey is the first state to implement changes in lineup procedures. Will Brooklyn be next?

There are opposing viewpoints to this philosophy. Joshua Marquis, an Oregon DA and member of the National District Attorney�s Association governing board, says he�s a little suspicious of anyone who suggests that eyewitness identification evidence is inherently unreliable. According to Mr. Marquis, he has spent 20 years as a prosecutor and has heard of only 1 or 2 cases in his entire career in which an innocent person was exonerated after being erroneously picked out of a lineup.

Be prepared for further lineup issues as they develop here in Brooklyn. Expect to hear about this soon from the DA�s Office.

(Source: ABA Journal Mobile Edition, December 3, 2001 edition).


Bookmark this site as a source for criminal justice history



A message from Mr. Compstat (The Wizard of Stats) has planted a seed of thought into the head of The Minister. �If we can�t clear it, it didn�t happen�� what an interesting quote! In light of the recent developments concerning a certain ex-member, retired and since banned from every squad room in the city, this takes on an even different tone. Watch for more from the busiest place known to man�

Wednesday, December 12, 2001


On July 1, 1999, the member states of the European Union put into operation the European Police Office. Much like its international counterpart, Interpol, this European Police Office - Europol - was established to act as a coordinating agency among all of the European Union member states and foster cooperation among police agencies in Europe. It is through Europol that cross border organized crime is attacked in Europe.

Its objective was established to improve police cooperation between the Member States to combat terrorism, illicit traffic in drugs and other serious forms of international crime.

Europol�s principal tasks include the exchange of information between Member States; the obtaining, collating and analysis of information and intelligence; aid in the investigations of these targeted crimes in the Member States; and the maintenance of a computerized system of collected information.

Similar to Interpol for international policing, the Europol system is organized so that each Member State establishes or designates a national unit to carry out the tasks listed above. The national unit is the only liaison body between Europol and the competent national authorities. It sends Europol at least one liaison officer who is instructed by the national unit to represent its interests within Europol.

This means that, just like Interpol, there are NO "Europol Police Officers" - there are agents representing the designated law enforcement branch of their country that in turns acts as the liaison agency for the European Union (such as the French Surete in France, Scotland Yard in Great Britain, etc.).

Europol, like Interpol, is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands.


Here are some more interesting web sites regarding criminal justice history:

Female officers of the law

Gunslingers and outlaws. This site links to many of the historical outlaws, such as Billy the Kid, Butch Cassidy, etc.

History of the Electric Chair

Texas Ranger history and museum

Wyatt Earp's Homepage

Monday, December 10, 2001


This past Saturday, at the Nassau Coliseum, the NYPD lacrosse Team battled the FDNY Lacrosse team in a game played before the NY Saints opener. This game, dubbed the �Battle of the Heroes�, was especially significant to the NYPD team: Its player/coach was Ronnie Kloepfer, an ESU cop who was killed at the World Trade Center tragedy.

The Nov/Dec 2001 issue of LACROSSE Magazine included a wonderful tribute to Ronnie by Wayne Rhatigan, a PO who also plays on the team. He noted that Ronnie gave so much of his time and effort to the NYPD team that he was given a plaque at the end of the last season by the team, to say thanks.

This past Saturday at the Coliseum was a very moving tribute to all of the heroes, and the over 7,000 in attendance witnessed the NYPD play from a 6-0 deficit to a come from behind victory! The �Battle of the Heroes� trophy, named in Ronnie�s honor, was proudly presented to the NYPD team, and to Ron�s family. Ron�s wife and three children were there at center-court to receive the plaque - a suiting tribute to a real hero.


A large hemorrhage, or bruise, develops when the heart is still beating and pumping blood and an injury is sustained. This bruising can also develop on a body in which CPR was being performed.

If the person is already dead when CPR is started, there may be some bruising, but it will be slight. This is because the bleeding is passive, since the heart has stopped pumping; there is still blood flow in the body but there is little pressure behind it.

This is the same theory behind a wound (gunshot, knife, etc). imagine cutting a garden hose when water is turned off; you�ll get a little leakage. If you cut the hose with the water on, the active pressure will make it spurt.



Federal Courts LocatorFederal Courts
Try for individuals only, no corporations

Cybercrime Links


Noticing how busy the Minister has been here in the 75, the Under-Minister of Theft (and my good friend) Mark Pouria passed along this little tid-bit of information. This was spurred by a note in a recent posting regarding Mike Bosak, a retired auto crime detetive who is now employed by Avis in charge of local security. Mark was wondering what the future prospects for Jimmy Leake, the restricted duty white-shield in the 77 Squad, might be should he retire.

It seemed that Mike Bosak�s experience in auto-crime landed him a job in the Car Rental Business. With this in mind, what will happen to P.O. James Leake when he retires?

Maybe a job in the telecommunications field? "Yes sir it is cheaper to purchase 2 phones with 2 plans. It will be CHEAPER just let me explain". Jimmy actually carries two phones with him, one for the weekends and one for weekdays. He actually believes its cheaper that way.

Possibly a used car salesman. �Yes sir i know you are single but I do believe you need this BMW to go along with your Infinity J30 that you'll have to take off the road, but just think of the status symbol of it and what is a $1,000 a month in car payments to a single man living at home with Dad?� (This is merely an excerpt of the conversation that surely took place when Jimmy purchased his 2nd car just in time for the 1st one to be re-poed.)

Jimmy could easily get a job as a motorcycle helmet salesman. �If you think I�m all messed up now, imagine what I would be like if I wasn�t wearing a Bell Helmet at the time.� After all, Jimmy is a walking anomoly, making the rounds of neurosurgery seminars throughout the country.

He�s already tried the power-wash business, buying his equipment from a recently retired squad member. Somehow, though, providing estimates to people where he tells them �I don�t really know what to charge you, I�ve never done a job like this before� doesn�t instill the type of confidence in a consumer that one needs to sustain a service business like that.

Perhaps a future is in store as a Real Estate salesman, specializing in basement apartment rentals. �Yes young man I know know that technically it�s still your parents house , but you have a separate entrance and you pay no rent but YES you can still call it a place of your own.� This being the argument that Jimmy maintains for living in his fathers basement, paying no rent, and having his mother do his laundry - not a bad gig for a guy 30 years of age, but then where�s all the money going?

I must add that I love Jimmy like a brother, even if I sometimes think of him as a misguided teenager!

Friday, December 07, 2001


In the 1930s, the Motorcycle Squads became Motorcycle Precincts: Motorcycle Precinct #1 was reassigned to the boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx. Motorcycle Precinct #2 was reassigned to the boroughs of Brooklyn and Richmond. Motorcycle Precinct #3 was reassigned to the borough of Queens and designated as the Grand Central Parkway, referred to as Motorcycle "G.C.P." In 1955, the Indian Motorcycle Company stopped manufacturing the red motorcycles used by the NYPD, and then the NYPD went to the silver Harley Davidson Motorcycle.


A coroner differs from a Medical Examiner in that a Medical Examiner is a medical doctor who specializes in pathology, specifically forensic pathology. A coroner, on the other hand, is usually an elected � but sometimes appointed- position with no specific medical requirement. The background on coroners follows.

In the 11th Century, the king of England decided to tax any intentional loss of life so as to raise money for his army.

If someone in your family committed suicide, his property was forfeited to the monarchy. If you killed someone with your horse and cart, the animal and vehicle were absorbed by the crown.

Of course, people tried to avoid paying the tax (some things never change!). In 1194 King John established an office to collect debts owed. Those who enforced the law were called �crowners�. They were tax collectors, untrained in determining cause of death.

By the 1700�s the job, its title corrupted to coroner, was exported to America and its duties ultimately expanded.


Here are some sites recommended by Mike Fanning. I�ve checked these out and they�re pretty interesting.

Very comprehensive site covering all your information needs....

This site mixes your Mapquest maps with satelite images upon request, make sure to click the "big map" button for the full effect!...

A quick way to find out who is hosting a particular website can be accomplished here:

Saturday, December 01, 2001


I wish to thank all of my loyal readers to this column. I will continue to make regular "postings", and acknowledge that the recent change in assignment has kept my "regular" postings down from what was in the past. I will continue to strive for the perfection that is expected! Remember, you can contact me at the e-mail address below; your suggestions or ideas for future postings make my life easier, and provide for content of interest to all. Happy Holidays!


Why is there a separate Traffic Squad Benevolent Association in the annals of the department? Looking into this topic, the Minister consulted with Mike Bosak, a retired MOS who spent 13 years in Auto Crime and 10 years in the Bureau before retiring 6 years ago. He is now the security manager for NY Operations at Avis Rent A Car Company. Mike is a department historian �buff� (I say that in a good way!), and he provides the following information concerning "Traffic Patrolmen".

At one time Traffic Precincts and Bridge Precincts were common throughout the city. At first "Traffic Patrolmen" were assigned to Traffic and Bridge Precincts only. If memory serves correct, these precincts were originally under a parent command called the "Bureau of Street Traffic".

Many of the bridges such as the 59th Street Bridge, Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn had their very own precincts. They were called Bridge Precincts, but their duties were basically traffic control and they had the same type table of organization as a Traffic Precinct. Besides these Bridge Precincts, who did traffic duty, each borough also had from 2 to 5 Traffic Precincts. The perception back in the early 20th Century was that NYC # 1 primary police problem was traffic control.

Most "Traffic Patrolman" assigned to these precincts were assigned to "Traffic" fixers. And it wasn't a four-hour fixer, 1-hour meal and three hours on a patrol post. (Remember no official time for meal and you also had reserve duty in the S.H.) For the specified whole tour, you were on a traffic fixer. They even had their own "Traffic" chart. So "Traffic Cops" were a whole breed unto themselves. And the chart was brutal.

When Traffic patrolmen got their new chart, the rest of the job also changed charts.

This chart was in effect until 1905 for the entire job, all ranks!! The only difference was the vacation days: Doorman and Patrolman got 5 days; Roundsmen, Sergeants, Captains and Inspectors, got either 8 or 10 vacation days. The Traffic Patrol chart was not much better (If I can ever find it) and was geared more towards working daylight hour. Back then, not only did the NYPD have "Traffic Patrolmen" but also had "Bicycle Patrolmen; "Mounted Patrolmen" and just plain "Patrolmen" from 5th Grade to 1st Grade. They were paid different salaries and had different duties as spelled out in the Rules & Procedures. Uniform ranks were different too: Doorman, Patrolmen, Roundsman, Sergeant, Captain and Inspector. When the Doormen's rank was abolished, they were all appointed as 5th Grade Patrolmen.

Even the Detective Bureau went thru many changes. At times patrolmen were "Detectives" with no official rank of "Detective", then we had the official rank of "Detective"; "Detective Sergeants" as 'sergeants as detectives' like the L.A.P.D. has today, and finally back to just plain old "Detective".

In fact at one point in time there were probably almost as many traffic cops as there were regular precinct patrolmen (plain "Patrolmen"; "Bicycle patrolman" and "Mounted Patrolman") on the NYPD. That is why there was a "Traffic Squad Benevolent Association".

Sometimes on the old department orders, not only were you transferred "to and from" a particular precinct, i.e. Bridge, Traffic, Mounted or just 'plain' Precinct, but occasionally the orders specified your detailed "Patrol" or "Traffic Post" (Talk about the hook.) Also, "Mounted" patrolman were transferred with his individual horse (they had a number & name), saddle and leather equipment as specified on the order. And at the time, the "Bureau of Street Traffic" was a huge; almost separate entity unto itself within the department. The department's focus on traffic control started to change in the late 1940 to early 1950, and they started doing away with the Traffic Precincts, Traffic Patrolmen" and department's involvement with traffic control. Effective April 1, 1959 the outer
boroughs lost their last traffic precincts.


In very early postings to this site it was learned that Thomas Byrnes is referred to as the �Father� of NYC Detectives, in that many of the foundations of the department�s detective bureau were established under Byrnes. As is often the case, there is much more to this individual than meets the eye.

As more research into the history of the department is conducted, and historical works are reviewed, the character of Thomas Byrnes takes on a rather different twist. Correspondence to the Minister from Mike Bosak, department historian (as noted above) paints a different picture of Byrnes.

Thomas Byrnes is probably the one single man responsible for the establishment of the PBA. He had to be the most hated and probably one of the most corrupt and politically astute "Superintendents" NYC ever had. In his efforts to curry favor with the politicians, not only did he remove firearms from patrolmen on patrol, but also took away their right to carry nightsticks, leaving them totally defenseless. This probably is the one single most important reason for the establishment of the PBA: the right to carry firearms and /or nightsticks to protect oneself from the criminal element while on patrol.

Teddy Roosevelt, as "President" of the Board of Police Commissioners forced Byrnes to retire, and issue the orders allowing patrolmen the right to carry nightsticks and a standardized firearm - acts that saved many lives.

Once again, I thank Mike Bosak for this information, and thank him for helping to contribute to this column.


A site with search links for detectives, including reverse phone searches

Here's some web site links for the gift shopping-detective:


See behind you! Covert surveillance sunglasses.


(Didn't Kramer use one of these on Seinfeld??)

A Special Note to friends: The Minister still prefers Churchills over the covert sunglasses!


To �BURKE� is a medical examiner�s term which refers to a murder by suffocation in a way that leaves few or no marks of violence.

This name comes from an 1829 case in Edinburgh, Scotland in which William Burke and William Hare committed fifteen murders after which they sold the bodies to the university�s medical school to be used for anatomy classes!

Their method of murder involved putting a hand over the nose and mouth of the intended victim while sitting on the victims chest, thus preventing breathing and minimizing any struggle.

Wednesday, November 21, 2001


During 1929, there were 21 heavy armored motorcycles with bulletproof windshields. Fifteen had sidecars of which six were kept for the disposal of the "Gunmen's Squad." According to the NYPD's annual report of 1929, the "Gunmen's Squad" was composed of a number of men from each borough for the purpose of driving loafers, criminals, gangsters and disorderly characters from the streets, speakeasies, pool parlors and dance halls. it was reported that they kept 198 known gangsters on the run and "axed "every illegal "still" they found.


Reverse Telephone Searches
You can do a reverse search all from one page instead of having to go
to every individual web site at:

Here�s an interesting site set up for NYPD MOS:

And yet another site for NYPD MOS



Petechial hemorrhages are capillaries that have ruptured because of pressure.

If pressure is put on the neck, the blood backs up and the capillaries, which are the weakest part of the vascular system, rupture.

It takes 60-70 lbs. of pressure to collapse an artery, but only 5 lbs to collapse a vein.

In suffocation, the pressure is primarily on the nose and mouth, not on the neck and usually you do NOT see PETECHIAE. However, when a person struggles this often inadvertently leads to pressure on the neck as well.

Suffocation is a much more rare cause of death than strangulation; there is most often that struggle leading to the pressure on the neck.


Extended to all our friends in Brooklyn North who have been promoted this week, just in time for Thanksgiving.

As mentioned earlier, Joseph Cunneen received a well-deserved promotion to the two-star rank of Assistant Chief, replacing Jim Ward who is retiring as the Borough Commander. At the same time Eddie Young received one-star and promotion to Deputy Chief, and appointed as the XO of Brooklyn North. We couldn�t be any happier for these two true Brooklyn North family members!

Bidding Jim Ward best wishes on his upcoming retirement were many of the Brooklyn North commanders at a luncheon this past week. Jim made a speech from the heart that exemplified the grace of this gentleman, touching all those in attendance. Mentioning bhow he has thirty-six and a half years on the job Patty Boyle was quick to point out he was merely a �youngster�.

Discretionary promotions saw several recipients from Brooklyn North as well. Wishing all those promoted best wishes and good fortune!


Extended to Captain of Police Ignatius �Junior� LaBarbera, who is recuperating at home after a bout of chest pains. Good to see you�re at home, Junior; just wondering what the fate of those boxes of Cubans are during this holiday season! We all hope to see you up and about (along with Marty) soon! Now, what about those slippers they made you wear at Jamaica Hospital? You�re Spoiling Me!!!


Saturday, November 17, 2001


In 1912, the Motorcycle Squad consisted of one sergeant and twenty-three patrolmen. They had twenty-five motorcycles with two in storage. Motorcycle repairs were performed by the Division of Horses and Equipment. The Motorcycle Squad, in 1917, became a Motorcycle Division consisting of three Motorcycle Squads: Squad #1 assigned to the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx and Richmond; Squad #2 assigned to the borough of Brooklyn; and Squad #3 assigned to the borough of Queens.


Operation Weed and Seed is a US Department of Justice initiative that was started in 1991. The Weed and Seed Strategy integrates federal, state, and local law enforcement and criminal justice efforts aimed at preventing, controlling, and reducing violent crime, drug abuse, and gang activity in targeted high-crime neighborhoods. Weed and Seed sites range in size from several neighborhood blocks to 15 square miles.

In New York City, Weed and Seed sites have been established in East New York and Far Rockaway.

The strategy is a two-pronged approach: law enforcement agencies and prosecutors cooperate in �weeding out� criminals who participate in violent cime and drug abuse, attempting to prevent their return to the targeted area; and �seeding� brings human services to the area, encompassing prevention, intervention, treatment, and neighborhood revitalization.

The US Attorney�s Office assumes a central role in coordinating law enforcement efforts, working with local leaders to leverage public and private resources.

The tools used in the enforcement efforts of �weeding out� criminals includes the federal �RICO� and Continuing Criminal Enterprise (CCE) statutes.

It is noted that this past year Lt. Kevin Yorke, most recently of the Brooklyn North Gang Investigation Squad, served as a �Safe Streets Executive Fellow� with the Department Of Justice, working on the �Weed and Seed� Program out of Washington, DC.


You can find out more regarding the �Weed and Seed� program at:

Computer Crime & Forensics

Police memorial site


You Can Help Villanova Womens Lacrosse while doing some on-line shoping at the same time!

Check out the Villanova BLOCK V CLUB ON LINE AUCTION





Check it out- You never know what you might find!!!

Tuesday, November 13, 2001


Rigor mortis is the stiffening of the body after death. This occurs because the heart is no longer pumping oxygen through the body.

Rigor mortis begins at the lower jaw and neck and spreads downward. That�s why you will see the MI at the scene examine the jaw/mouth area first.

The whole body stiffens within 12 hours after death. This stiffening will begin to disappear 36 hours after death.

Heat, cold, and drugs can affect the way the body changes after death. Heat speeds things up.


Don�t wrap a body in a sheet from the victims house. Doing so could transfer material from another part of the residence into the crime scene, and could cause confusion at an autopsy. Use a clean sheet brought to the scene, so that if anything falls on it you will know it came from the victim, and perhaps whoever came in contact with the victim during those last moments of life.


�Ear Print Catches Murderer�. A story of a medical examiner using an �ear print� in a murder investigation.

Randy Singer's Attorney's Toolbox

Can anyone tell me how to access the �Baby-Momma Database�?

Friday, November 09, 2001


All of Brooklyn North extend a hearty CONGRATULATIONS to Chief Joseph F.X. Cunneen, on his appointment as Borough Commander!

Chief Cunneen has received a well deserved promotion, and all of us in Brooklyn North Detectives are pleased to serve you.

Best of luck, Chief!

At the same time, we wish Chief James Ward all the best in his upcoming retirement.

Chief Ward is someone who has truly earned the love and respect of all of us here in Brooklyn North, and I speak for many when I wish him all of the best for the future. You are truly a gentleman, in every manner, and deserve nothing but the best!!!

It was a pleasure to have had the opportunity to work for you. GOOD LUCK!!!


The changes that occur to a body post-death are identified as rigor mortis, algor mortis, and livor mortis.

Because the heart is no longer pumping, muscle cells are deprived of oxygen and they stiffen. This is called RIGOR MORTIS.

The body temperature falls one to two degrees Fahrenheit per hour. This is called ALGOR MORTIS.

Because the heart is no longer churning blood, the red blood cells settle according to gravity and produce the maroon color of death on the skin, known as LIVOR MORTIS.

Lividity appears about 2 hours after death. This can help reveal the time of death, as well as reveal if a body was moved after the person died. In lividity, the normal color is MAROON. A CHERRY PINK color is indicative of carbon monoxide poisoning.


An ultra-violet light used in crime scene examinations.

This is used to identify signs of semen. Under the Woods Light semen fluoresces, while blood and saliva will not.


Do most people know that Prospect Park once had it�s own precinct?

The 74th Precinct was the Prospect Park precinct. The building that now houses the Brooklyn South Task Force, known as the �Park House�, was built as the 74th Precinct, which covered Prospect Park.

An August 1946 Manual of Procedure amendment notes that crime complaints occurring �in the 74th Precinct (Prospect Park) be referred to the 72nd Pct. Det. Squad for investigation�.


If it wasn�t true, it would be funny.

Are these some examples of being on �heightened� security watch?

MOS going into Madison Square Garden for a basketball game is searched, and told he is unable to enter the arena with his binoculars. The fact that he is carrying a firearm is never questioned!

An MOS is entering a large-scale public event, and asked to open her pocketbook before being allowed entry. She does so and is then waved in, never being asked about her loaded GLOCK inside the bag, and before having the opportunity to identify herself to security.


If you have any ideas or suggestions for future postings, please drop an e-mail to me.

Monday, November 05, 2001


When any two objects come into contact with each other, there is always a transfer from one object to the other. This is the basis of the science of criminalistics.

What was left behind, what was taken away, what was exchanged: Find it and you may solve your crime.


I would like to take a moment to note the success this past season the 77 Squad�s Softball Team. Resplendent in their blue uniform shirts, announcing �77th Squad� on the front with a number (no name, of course) on the back, the team looked like a real softball team.

Under the leadership of General Manager John Belfort, and Field Manager Nick Dimonda, the team had an unbeaten season. (Alright, their record was 2-0, and one of those may have been a forfeit, but technically it still is an unbeaten record, right?).

In a note of nostalgia, to the likes of comparing the 1953 Brooklyn Dodgers to the 1999 NY Yankees, etc., it is wondered how the 77 Squad�s team have fared against the Emergency Service Division team of 1946, who beat Harbor Pct by a score of 18-3 for the Commissioner�s Trophy. What do you think about that, Nicky??


A SPRING issue of 1946 notes a study conducted by a sociologist that sounds a lot like an early community policing study.

It was supposed at that time that in time of trouble people would seek out the neighborhood policeman as one of the persons to whom they could turn for assistance. Remember, also, that the overwhelming majority of police assignments was at the local foot patrolman level, a la community policing.

The study, however, found the policeman was one of the folks scarcely sought by those in trouble. �It may serve as a jolt to the layman and social worker alike when they read the findings�. Even when the services of established social agencies were used, it was found that when families first turn to others for help they turned to the corner druggist, and bartender, more times than the priest, policeman, or political leader!

Friday, November 02, 2001


This is the title of a regular column in SPRING 3100 back in the 1940�s. It was the page that was for the patrolman�s wife, as female police officers as we know them today were not around. Remember, back then female�s entering the department did so under the civil service title of Policewoman, and did not perform the same duties as male patrolman did. (Cell matrons, searching of female prisoners, and work with youth groups composed the bulk of their work).

The Sept-Oct 1946 issue provides some advice for throwing a party for friends during crisp fall weekends. �Before you go off for the day, build a good deep fire of anthracite coals in your fireplace basket grate, put a rack from the oven across it, and set a pot of beans on to bake the old fashioned slow way that can�t be beat by any modern method�.

Yea, right! Where�s the microwave??


The Wanted Pages posted in SPRING 3100 issues of the 1940�s note the following people of interest:

George Smurra, alias �Blah Blah�

Thomas Nichols, alias �Tommy Nose�, �frequents taverns, swimming pools, and beaches�. (The good life, indeed!).

Andrew Ferraiolo, alias �Andy Boy�, �a neat dresser�.

Jack Parisi, alias �Drop Eyes�, �sewing machine mechanic; poorly dressed�.
(Guess that sewing machine didn�t work for his own clothes!).

Michael Mirandi, alias �Mikey Round�, �height 5 feet 3 inches, weight 200 pounds�
(still wonder where he got his name from?)

Philip Cozzolino, alias �Taramo� (?). �grey tweed suit, dark grey overcoat, black shoes�.
(Does he never change his clothes? Maybe he should see �Andy Boy� and borrow some new pants?


Departmental sports activities were dormant during the period of World War II, and resumed on October 1, 1946 with the opening of the One Wall Singles Handball Tournament. This event took place in the Manhattan Headquarters Gymnasium, and saw 51 devotees entered to compete for the Department Championship.

It is noted that the Department�s Handball Champion was Det. Henry Herz of the 70 Squad! (Let�s hear it for the Detectives!) It was noted in this report that entries for the Four Wall Singles and Doubles Tournament was underway.


More links for People-Searching

Trackem People Search

Mirror of above Site

Drug Smugglers Interviewed.
"Measuring the Deterrent Effect of Enforcement Operations on
Drug Smuggling, 1991-1999" (173 pp.) (NCJ 189988) (available
online only) examines how interdiction and other drug
enforcement activities affect drug smuggling. (ONDCP)
Access full text at:

Dept of Criminal Justice Services: On-Line Newsletter

JUSTINFO Subscription Details ***
To subscribe to this newsletter go to or send the following
message to (with no subject line):

subscribe justinfo youremailaddress yourname (e.g.,
subscribe justinfo John Doe)


At a recent Yankee detail, a certain MOS from the 77 Squad was overheard offering batting tips to Scott Brosius. "So when are you going to break out of that batting slump, Scott" were the precise words overheard. Anyway, it appears he may have listened, as exhibited by his recent his game winning shot. Now we just hope that Andy Pettit took some of those pitching tips offered by the same Detective. (Info has it he has been banned from any future Yankee Details by Joe Torre himslef).

Monday, October 29, 2001


In a 1946 edition of SPRING 3100, the following �Timely Thought� was provided:

�It takes 3000 bolts to hold a truck together but only one nut to scatter it all over the countryside�.

If I didn�t read it myself I would swear that was something Dimonda would have said!


Also noted in the Sept-Oct 1946 SPRING 3100 magazine was the long awaited appointments to the department of two thousand recruits, which was desperately needed as the ranks had been depleted due to World War II.

It was noted that all of the 2,000 recruits had previously served in the military, and was the largest class of police recruits appointed until that time. Even with those appointments the department was still 1,500 short of it�s authorized quota, which gives a pretty clear indication of how the World War had effected policing in the city.

Addressing the new appointees, who would attend a two month Police Academy training program, Mayor O�Dwyer provided the following advice: �Finish each day honorably � and cleanly � that you can, when it comes time to retire, sleep soundly�.

I guess that sleep was sound provided the noise abatement programs remained in effect!


Readers of this site may recall an earlier posting regarding the Police Recreation Centre � known among the members of the service during it�s day as the �Police Camp�.

This resort was located in upstate Platte Clove, outside of Tannersville, NY, overlooking �Indian Head Mountain�. I�m not sure if the mountain was officially named Indian Head, but it certainly resembled one and anyone who went to the Camp knew it as such.

Hospitality and Good Fellowship were the order of the day, as the resort was closed to active and retired members of the Department ONLY. Imagine if you will attending a mountain resort, housing several hundred families in a hotel and several dozen more in bungalows, all of whom are NYC Police Officers! Rank was unknown during your week in the mountains � you could book for one week at a time, with a maximum of two weeks at most. It provided an easy to afford vacation for the police officer and his family, and was booked a year in advance! Many families booked their following year�s rooms upon checking out the year before.

Three hot meals a day were provided in the dining room, introduced over the loud speaker that �Breakfast�, �Lunch� or �Dinner� was now being served! Your table was assigned when you checked in, and you sat there for the week�s meals. Your waiter or waitress most likely was a family member of a police officer, providing wonderful summertime employment.

Your week started on Saturday, and ended the following Saturday. Organized activities took place throughout the week, which included shuffleboard and horseshoe tournaments, softball games, and the regular �Guests vs. Staff� Softball Championship each week. (The younger staff members had a distinct advantage over the guests, but lots of laughs and good cheer were sure to follow!). A built in swimming pool kept you cool, and indoor movies and bingo provided additional entertainment. Of course, there was a snack bar and �Happy Hour� bar for the early evening, and music and dancing at night. No need to worry about the kids � they were certainly safe, surrounded by nothing but cops; babysitting services were also provided, and a camaraderie of �looking out for each other� prevailed.

SPRING 3100 summer editions regularly had a story or two about the Police Camp, dating back to the 1930�s. You could be sure to open a magazine and find a photo of someone celebrating a wedding anniversary or birthday at the Police Camp.

If it sounds like the Minister has fond memories of early days at the Police Camp, well you�re right. It�s hard to explain, and somewhat sad to realize that such a resort couldn�t survive in today�s world, and closed it�s doors in the 1970�s. Too bad.

Sunday, October 28, 2001


�Proper Planning Prevents Poor Performance�
�Interviews Produce Tips That Lead to Surveillance and Apprehensions�

(Phil Panzarella on Homicide investigations).

The Four Critical Steps for Solving Homicides:
Crime Scene

(Ret. Lt. Dan Kelly, Queens Homicide)


A July 1947 issue of SPRING 3100 states how Horseshoe Pitching has caught the interest of department members. Approximately 400 members signed up to participate in the Horseshoe Pitching Competition within the department, for a Championship to be held in September 1947.

The largest group of Horseshoe Pitching entrants came from the Central Office Squads of the Detective Division.

Practice sites were listed, and included a horseshoe pitching field outside of the 72 Pct.


Appointed to the department on November 22, 1911, Denis J.A. Mahoney served as the President of the D.E.A. for 25 years.

At the time of his death, July 25, 1948, �Dinny� Mahoney was the DEA President, a popular and colorful figure known as a friend to emperors, Presidents, and judges. He was a legend in New York City, and his death following a short illness was recorded in the annals of the city with a moment of silence in local courtrooms.


At its July 1948 Installation Dinner, the PBA recognized what it described as �the greatest single gain in recent police history�. The Schick Full Pay After Three Years Bill was successfully passed in the city, granting members the reduction from five years to three years to reach full pay status. This eliminated a grievance fought by the PBA for 40 years.

How many years did it take before this right was once again eliminated through a collective bargaining �giveback�?

Please: Remember the families and friends of our brothers and sisters who have given their lives in service to others.

Wednesday, October 24, 2001


The Minister has officially taken over the 75 Squad, moving MOST of his "stuff" over. Yes, the true crime library is 90% in place (and the humidor is stocked!).

The past three and a half years in the 77 Squad is without a doubt one of my best times on this job. I worked with great people, had a lot of laughs, and got a lot accomplished. What more can you ask for? As I turn the page to a new chapter, it's only fitting that it happens as I attain another milestone - celebrating 20 years "on the job", and of official "Dinosaur Club" grade.

I relish and behold my time in the 77 Squad; I will always treasure my "77 Squad Commander's Club" card, and think fondly on that time. At the same time, I look forward to moving ahead in the 75 Squad, joining the ranks of the "busiest and the best".

Thank you to all who I have had the opportunity to serve with!


OK, who called the 75 Squad and told the PAA that the newly assigned Squad Commander (yours truly) likes to be called �Heavy C�!!???!!

(You know Barba gets blamed again!).


The Minister, a collector of SPRING 3100 magazines, has collected several issues from the 1940�s that are in excellent condition. Reviewing the department�s periodical gives insight into not only the workings of the Police Department at that time, but of the city in general.

The Sept-Oct 1946 issue, adorned on the cover with a colorful depiction of a policeman in the helmet and long coat of the day (handle bar moustache, of course) watching two children dancing to the music of an organ grinder, complete with a tin-cup monkey!

The department proudly proclaimed on page 1 that it had once again received an impressive silver plaque from the National Noise Abatement Council, for its efforts in reducing the noise level in the city.

�There is no period of the day and night when there are not of necessity some people sleeping. It is a matter of health and happiness for all that everyone should have proper rest�, proclaimed Mayor O�Dwyer. To help keep the quality of life in NYC at a �noiseless level� the League for Less Noise donated a plaque each year since 1938 to the precinct contributing the greatest effort towards the reduction of unnecessary noise. It was noted that during 1945, the department issued 37,641 noise related summonses and issued 183,242 warnings for loud noise.

Undoubtedly there were contingents of �Noise Task Force� patrolman detailed by precinct commanders helping to make sure the citizens got a good nights � or days � sleep!

Editor's Note: It is this writers opinion that a Squad Room in the 1940's that contained the relatives of Vito and Nicky, Loud and Spider, would have been out of the running for the "Noise Reduction Award".

Sunday, October 21, 2001

And if you get the choice to sit it out or dance,
I hope you dance!


Known worldwide as Interpol, the International Criminal Police Organization was established to assist police organizations throughout the world coordinate their efforts. Through the exchange of information that is timely, accurate, relevant and complete, INTERPOL coordinates joint operational activities of member countries, while also making available the know how, expertise, and operational assistance.

There are currently 179 member countries belonging to INTERPOL.

In the US, the services of INTERPOL are accessed through the U.S. National Central Bureau (USNCB) of INTERPOL.

The mission of the US National Central Bureau is to facilitate International law enforcement cooperation as the United States representative with the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), on behalf of the U.S. Attorney General.

The major functions of the USNCB are to transmit information, respond to requests by law enforcement agencies, coordinate and integrate information for investigations of an international nature and identify those involving patterns and trends of criminal activities.

The USNCB serves as a point of contact for both American and foreign police seeking assistance in criminal investigations that extend beyond their national boundaries. Known within the international community as INTERPOL Washington, the USNCB brings together US police at all levels, providing a neutral territory where jurisdictions and mandates are interwoven to permit cooperation and assistance to the fullest extent possible.

USNCB assistance is given/extended equally to all US federal, state and local enforcement agencies, as well as to police authorities in INTERPOL member countries.

An integral part of the service INTERPOL provides to member country police forces is the dissemination of subject lookouts and advisories through the circulation of INTERPOL notices.


The Minister is moving east. The Minister is assuming ministerial duties in the 75 Squad, East New York, as this posting goes to press. The thought of moving out so much �stuff� is enough to give someone anxiety pangs. Try packing up the world-renowned library of true crime hardcovers, and see what happens!

Also as this issue hits the �net, the Minister is celebrating his 20 Year Anniversary in Service to this City. Where did the years go? The first twenty went so fast (it seems like only yesterday I was walking a post in the East New York subway station); the next fifteen should be a breeze!

You may still reach the Minister at the same e-mail box:

Drop me a line to say you care!


Missing from these pages for some weeks has been the regular �Lest We Forget� listings of NYPD officers killed in the line of duty. This listing will resume this week, delayed due to a technical difficulty in accessing the listing�s site.

Please make every effort to attend the all too many memorial services and funeral in the area for members of this department, the FDNY and the PAPD, who were lost in service to this city and this country on 9-11.

I urge you also to reach into your pocket and make a contribution to one of the benefit funds that have been established for the families of these brother and sister officers.

Monday, October 15, 2001

In order to achieve anything, you must be brave enough to fail.

Kirk Douglas


The Federal Trade Commission provides information and assistance to people who have been the victim of �Identity Theft�. You can refer complainants, or you may want to call yourself to receive information from the FTC to aid in dealing with complainants of these crimes.

Internet --
Telephone -- 1-877-IDTHEFT (438-4338)
Or, write to:

Identity Theft Clearinghouse
Federal Trade Commission
600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20580



Master Links 4 Master Investigators
This is a pay-for-services site, but has some interesting (free) links for investigators.

Here�s a good �Crime Scene Investigators� Site, with information and links pertaining to crime scene investigation/searches, etc.

Resources & Links 4 Investigator

Main Site

This site will introduce you to gang hand signs, which are flashed by gang
members either to members of their own gang or as taunts to other gangs.
Some express an attitude, such as "Power" or "No. 1," while others are used
to identify the gang to which the flasher belongs.


Romeo Y Julieta

Developed in 1875 by Inocencio Alvarez and Mannin Garcia, this brand immediately showed its quality by winning gold medals in four universal expositions between 1885 and 1900. Named for the lovers in William Shakespeare's tragedy of the same name (written circa 1596), the brand also is traditionally credited with the introduction of the "Churchill" shape in honour of the British statesman Winston Churchill. Fernandez died at age 88 in 1954, but his efforts survive him as his full-flavoured Romeo y Julieta brand is one of the most widely known and appreciated in the world today.

Friday, October 12, 2001

I used to play golf. I wanted to be a better player, but after a while I realized I'd always stink. And that's when I really started to enjoy the game.
Don Rickles, 01/2001


The issue of this departments address to potential terrorist acts was discussed, with Deputy Commissioner McCarthy and Chief Scagnelli chairing the session. The idea that we need to get out to all of our people is that everyone must realize the threat of terrorism is a very real one � and Brooklyn North targets are very much in the mix. Transit systems run through our area; ConEd power locations, KeySpan gas locations, these are all very real potential targets we must consider.

It is important that we impart this message to our people:

�Don�t Be Afraid � Be Aware�.



Is there anyone from this department that does NOT think that the immediate institution of a COMPSTAT process for all of the agencies involved in combating terrorism is ABSOLUTELY the thing to do? Let�s face it � there is no better format to overcome the �old way� of doing business than by enacting a COMPSTAT process to ensure the Timely and Accurate EXCHANGE of Intelligence.

If Tom Ridge, the newly installed czar of anti-terrorism is to be successful, he needs to be able to hold agencies accountable for their mission � and the COMPSTAT process can ensure that. Let the heads of all the security agencies get together every 28 days and exchange intelligence, plan strategies and follow up on the deployment of resources. It has to help! Break down the barriers between agencies, overcome the protection of �fiefdom�s�, for the eventual goal of overcoming terrorism! And while he�s at it, he should be reaching out to people like Eddie Norris or John Timoney to direct the entire process (maybe get the Wizard of Stats involved as well?).

The quicker that a Federal COMPSTAT process is established, the quicker we can look forward to a COORDINATED effort of all agencies working towards a common mission, rooting out terrorism.

I am making this idea part of my manifesto, and will be sending a detailed letter to Tom Ridge. Let�s hope it gets done for all of our sake!


A Site for Corporate and Private Security set up by Michigan State University:

Some more People Finder Pages



As famous a brand as there is in the world of cigars, the H. Upmann brand dates back to 1844, when Herman Upmann, a German banker, began using specially imprinted boxes of cigars as promotional items for his banking firm. The success of this brand was buoyed by the award of seven gold medals in seven international exhibitions between 1862 and 1893. The famous request of President John F. Kennedy to his press secretary, Pierre Salinger, to obtain cigars on the evening prior to the declaration of the American trade embargo in 1961, was for Petit Upmanns.


That the only Captain to have been killed in the line of duty in the history of this department was killed on October 24, 1935. He was Capt. Richard McHale of the 109 Pct, and he was shot by a disgruntled officer.

Tuesday, October 09, 2001


The following information is provided by the Social Security Administration and pertains to the misuse of a social security number. What To Do If Someone Misuses Your Social Security Number is the title of the pamphlet. This information is provided here for your reference, and use in dealing with victims of Identity Theft.

What Should I Do To Report That Someone Is Using My Social Security Number?

You should report this information to the Social Security Fraud Hotline at 1-800-269-0271. Depending on the circumstances of your particular case, we may open an investigation. Even if we don't investigate, we're interested in learning how your Social Security number has been used by someone.

What If I Have Credit Problems?

If someone has used your Social Security number to get credit, Social Security cannot fix your credit record. To resolve your credit problems, you need to:
� Immediately contact the creditors who approved the credit (follow up with a letter).
� File a police report.
� Contact the fraud department of the major credit bureaus.
� Ask to have a flag placed on your record, requiring creditors to contact you before approving additional credit using your name and number. Ask how long the flag is posted on your account and how you can extend it, if necessary.
� Add a victim's statement to your report; include your name, state the problem and provide a telephone number where you can be reached.
� Request a copy of your credit report from each major credit bureau and check for signs of fraudulent activity. If you've been denied credit, you may be entitled to a free copy of your report. If you haven't been denied credit, the most you can be charged is $8.


When the "Tweed Charter" was passed in NYC, what was knwn as the Metropolitan Fire District was abolished, and in its place a new Board of Fire Commissioners was enacted. What had been known as the Metropolitan Fire Department became the "Fire Department of the City of New York". This was responsible for the "F.D.N.Y." logo on apparatus instead of "N.Y.F.D.". Most departments place the city or town initials prior to "F.D." but as a direct carry over of the provision to create the "Fire Department of the City of New York", "F.D." was placed before "N.Y." on the apparatus, a tradition which lasts today. The badges issued to Members of the Fire Department also carry the "FDNY" designation.

Interesting Web Sites:

Here�s a site of satellite images of the earth. Interesting!

A Note to Readers... The Minister has been publishing to this site twice week,utilizing material written over the weekends. am trying to continue this practice even through these unusual times; if you have any suggestions or ideas that you would like to share, please contact me at:

Be Safe! And Please Stay Healthy! Rememer our fallen brothers and sisters, and the families they have left behind.

Friday, October 05, 2001

Luck is where opportunity meets preparation or preparation meets opportunity.
Richard Petty


A recent column in the NY POST by Steve Dunleavy following the WTC incident referred to the �Church Amendment�, the 1995 federal law that forbids the CIA from using �unsavory characters� as informants.

Dunleavy consulted with Joe Coffey, the retired detective who was noted for his work on organized crime cases (author of the book The COFFEY FILES) and referred to by Dunleavy as �the toughest gunslinger ever to fight organized crime�, regarding his feelings on the use informants. Coffey is quoted, �If you don�t have a rat, you will fight like a mouse�.

What is interesting is that this process of using informants who may be a little �unsavory� is not a new issue at all, especially as it concerns policing and detectives.

In 1895, New York�s Acting Chief of Police Peter Conlin addressed a roll call of detectives and announced that the department policy of using the time-immemorial institution of detective work, the informant � better known as the �stool pigeon� � was under review by the commissioners and might be banned. Astonished detectives shook their heads in disbelief.

What troubled some citizens about �stool pigeons� was that they were paid for their information from the public purse. Many people felt that known criminals should not be paid for information about other criminals, and this debate was well reported throughout all of the local newspapers. Most of the papers, though, were in favor of this usage, as they generally feared the resulting rise in criminal acts they were sure to occur. It was widely acknowledged that its usage in the past resulted in the success of ridding New York City of much of its organized gangs and criminals.

Eventually this practice was not repealed by the Board of Commissioners, and the system remained, mostly due to the pressure caused by outside influence.

�It is the criminal that fears the methods which result in putting him behind bars�, stated Commissioner Andrew Parker in a NY TIMES article.

Stool pigeons remained and continued to be a mainstay of police work, although now known under the more dignified classification of �Confidential Informant�.

(Note from the Minister: THE COFFEY FILES is one of those books missing from the Library of the Minister of Investigations. I'll have to get one of my stool pigeons on the case!)


Here�s another multi-link database for searches.

Crime Lynx: This site has been published here before, but in case you missed it, it�s worth checking out. It has multiple links for all types of searches of use to investigator�s.



The Izod - Lacoste shirt (best in black with suits or jeans), was created back in the �30s when French tennis star Rene Lacoste � nicknamed Le Crocodile a decade earlier upon winning a croc-skin valise - adopted the reptile as a mascot and sewed crocs on all his shirts. So, you see, they�re NOT alligators; next time someone refers to your �alligator shirt�, you can properly correct them.

Monday, October 01, 2001

�You have to try your luck at least once a day, because you could be going around lucky all day and not even know it".

Jimmy Dean


Theodore Roosevelt, writing in 1897 in an article published in THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY, stated how he appreciated the need for two approaches to fighting crime.

As Roosevelt explained, the man with the nightstick, the man in the blue coat with the helmet, can keep order and repress open violence on the streets, but most kinds of crime and vice are ordinarily carried on furtively and stealthily � perhaps at night, perhaps behind closed doors. �It is possible to reach them only by the employment of the man in plain clothes, the detective�.

He also backed the introduction of a new detective system that went into effect on January 2, 1896. Assigning four detectives to each precinct, it placed men under the local precinct commander but made them responsible, as well, to the Chief of Detectives at police headquarters. These men were not only permitted to carry out their duties and investigations in ordinary clothes, they were expected to do so.

Teddy Roosevelt was a definite friend to the detectives.


Another resource you can refer complainants of �Identity Theft� cases is with the Federal Trade Commission. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) can provide information to your complainant that can help the FTC and other law enforcement agencies track, investigate and prosecute identity thieves. To file a complaint with the FTC contact them at:

Internet --

Telephone -- 1-877-IDTHEFT (438-4338)


A leading business magazine notes in its September issue that the hat is beginning to makes its comeback. �Fedoras are making a comeback�. The Bailey Hat Company, one of the nations largest suppliers, reports a 26 percent sales spike in New York., and Bergdorf Goodman says sales of men�s hats are up 20 percent.

A detective always looked good in a fedora!

Monday, September 24, 2001


Trickery & Deceit

The leading case in support of the legality of trickery and deceit in the course of a criminal interrogation is Frazier v. Cupp, decided by the US Supreme Court in 1969.

The court upheld a conviction based in part upon a confession obtained by trickery and deceit, in that a murder suspect had been told falsely that a suspected accomplice had confessed.

The two qualifications to the rule, however, is that the trickery and deceit must NOT be of such a nature as to �shock the conscience� of the court or community, nor can it be one that is apt to induce a false confession.

Examples of these exceptions include posing as a chaplain or a defense attorney in order to gain a confession, as well as making promises that cannot be fulfilled and would induce a false confession. You cannot tell a subject �If you confess, we�ll let you go� or �If you confess, the last 10 people that did so only got probation�. You CAN promise that �I will let the judge and the DA know that you have cooperated and ask them to take that into consideration�.

Be aware that, when testifying in court regarding a statement, a common cross-examination questioning tactic by a defense attorney is to pose the question in a manner that makes you believe a �Yes� answer is an admission of fault. A common question posed by a defense attorney: �Isn�t it true that you tricked and lied to my client in order to get him to confess?� is intended to make it sound as if doing so is a bad thing. IT�S NOT; trickery and deceit IS ALLOWED! The correct answer to that question, �Yes I Did� is proper.


A recent E-mail received from Frank Bolz, the �Hostage Cop�, reveals that he has a new book about to hit the market.

Along with Det Kenny Dudonis, and Dave Schulz they have just had published by CRC Press, the 2nd edition of "The Counter-Terrorism Handbook." Kenny Dudonis, a retired Bomb Squad Detective, has the unique distinction of "Seeing the Yellow Flash up close" On St Patricks Day in 1981, while tryng to render safe an IED, Ken and his partner were both blown up by a "Yippie Bomb", fortunately they both survived. In the book, they share Terrorism, Hostage, Bomb and Kidnap


The Web site maintained by the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section of the U.S. Department
of Justice.,

This site has multiple links relating to law enforcement and cops. Check it out.


It is never acceptable to loosen your tie, except during the process of removing it.

The seat belt shoulder strap goes under your necktie.

A man in a suit without a tie can wear loafers; a man in a suit with a tie cannot.

It is far better to arrive at an event overdressed than underdressed. People will think you�ve got somewhere more important to go afterwards.

Your belt and shoes should match in color.

"LEST WE FORGET"... The NYPD Memorial

Sept 25, 1953 Ptl Harry Widder #6020, Hwy3, Auto accident
Sept 25, 1971 PO Arthur Pelo #3259, HAPD, Shot-Robbery arrest
Sept 25, 1995 PO David Willis, 10 Pct, Auto accident-radio run
Sept 26, 1977 PO Vito Chiaramonte #2233, HAPD-CCU, Shot
Sept 27, 1945 Det Frank McGrath #1975, 2 Sqd, Shot-investigation
Sept 27, 1992 PO William Gunn #1054, 67 Sqd, Shot-investigation
Sept 28, 1921 Ptl Joseph Reuschle #7562, 42 Pct, Shot by prisoner
Sept 28, 1934 Ptl John Fraser #14645, 4 Div, Shot-robbery in progress
Sept 29, 1854 Ptl James Cahill, 11 Ward (9Pct), Shot-burglary *
* This is the 1st recorded Line of Duty Death to an MOS
Sept 29, 1965 Ptl Donald Rainey #2096, Auto Crime, Shot-mistaken ID, off duty
Sept 29, 1983 PO Joseph McCormack #27434, ESU, Shot-barricaded situation

Remember the twenty-three Members of the Service still missing from the WTC Tragedy.

Friday, September 21, 2001

"America is the place where you cannot kill your government by
killing the men who conduct it."

-- Woodrow T. Wilson, 28th President of the United States


I want to acknowledge all of the people from outside of this department, and this city, who have contacted me through this web-site with inquiries concerning contributions to be made to help he families and survivors from this terrible tragedy at the World Trade Center.

A recent telephone message from the Chief of Detectives indicates that a fund has been established for the emergency workers killed in the tragic World Trade Center incident of September 11. All monies contributed to this fund will go directly to the families of the deceased MOS. Contributions should be sent to:

Twin Towers Fund
GPO Box 26999
New York, NY 10087-6999

Remember also the Survivors of the Shield, an organization that provides counseling and other services to the families and survivors of those police officers killed in the line of duty. To make contributions to this organization contact them at:

Survivors of the Shield
PO Box 10017
Staten Island, NY 10310

You can also e-mail them at:


The John E.Reid and Associates web site ( has Part 2 on the Polygraph posted on its web site�s �Investigators Tips�. Take a look at it, if you haven�t already. This is definitely a great site to �bookmark� for regular review. Their monthly Investigator�s Tips section is a very valuable reference for the investigator.

Regarding the Polygraph, the latest posting stresses the importance of the examiner who administers the test. The polygraph is not a �lie detector�; any success that can be expected from the use of this investigative tool is strictly determined by the quality of the examiner. Keep this in mind when referring the use of a polygraph.

�The primary value of the polygraph technique is to eliminate innocent suspects early during an investigation. This greatly assists an investigation in that investigators can focus their efforts on other suspects.� Properly administered, the polygraph technique is a non-accusatory diagnostic procedure that allows an examiner to collect physiological data to infer whether or not a subject is telling the truth to relevant questions.

�Since the polygraph is not a lie-detector, its usefulness during an investigation is entirely dependent on the competency of the examiner. A competent examiner will be accurate in determining truth or deception approximately 90% of the time (based strictly on chart analysis). This figure will increase if the examiner incorporates other means of detecting deception such as behavior symptom analysis. The competent examiner will be unable to render a definite opinion of truth or deception in about 10% of subjects examined. An examiner who boasts of an accuracy rate above 95% and an inconclusive rate less than 5% should be avoided.�

An important part of an examiner's training is to identify those subjects who are at risk for producing erroneous results. The ideal subject is one of average, or above average intelligence, who is not mentally impaired and is in reasonably good medical health. It is also important that the subject's emotional state is relatively stable during the examination. Subjects with a lower intelligence may also increase the risk of a false negative result. In some cases, a guilty subject may engage in countermeasures that the examiner fails to recognize during chart analysis. Identifying countermeasures is a critical part of a competent examiner's training. It is the guilty subject who will consciously try to manipulate the polygraph recordings. In this regard, agencies should be very cautious when using an examiner who relies exclusively on computer analyzed charts. None of the software developed for this purpose is capable of identifying specific subject countermeasures.

The John E. Reid web site also has a very good �links� page. Be sure to check this out as well.


I just wanted to acknowledge that Det. John Muller of the 77 Squad recently attended a John E. Reid & Associates seminar on Interviewing and Interrogating (on his own time and expense). Det. Muller found this to be very helpful, and has shared some of the classroom materials with the Minister. I�ll be referring to some of the better material in later postings. (He also returned with a nie looking portfolio, and plenty of info on "body language").

Remember my earlier reference to the difference between an Interview and an Interrogation?


CRIMES-OF-PERSUASION - This crime report on organized crime
topics includes credit card fraud, check kiting, tax fraud,
money laundering, mail fraud, counterfeit money orders, check
fraud and other who's who true crimes of persuasion.

If you haven�t already found this, check out the �Police One� web site, with information and reference links for law enforcement.

US FLAG-etiquette-other flags and info.
Check out the proper way to display a flag. Noted: If the flag is hanging, but not on a pole (inside a window, etc), the union is placed to the top left corner of the viewer.


If you hang your jacket on the back of a chair and then sit on the chair and lean back, your jacket will look as if you had hung it on a chair and then sat on the chair and leaned back on it.

The shirt placket, the belt buckle, and the trouser fly should all line up.
Speaking of belt buckles, the point of your tie should never fall below it.

Neckties decorated with cartoon characters, golf tees, or the paintings of dead rock musicians coordinate with nothing.


Send your E-mail to: LTJAC77

Over one week after the tragic terrorist attack on the orld Trade Center, this department still has twenty-three members who are missing and unaccounted for. Please take a moment to say a prayer for the families of these officers.

Tuesday, September 18, 2001


Please, during this terrible tragedy, take a moment to remember our fallen brothers and sisters. Say a prayer for them and their families, the loved ones they left behind, the survivors.


In the book THE DETECTIVES, which discusses the toughest cases of a handful of NYPD Detectives, Lt. Phil Panzarella notes the following. (Phil is currently with the Queens Cold Case Squad; he was the C.O. of the Queens Homicide Squad prior to that, and worked as a Squad Commander, Sergeant, and Detective in the Bureau as well.)
Phil states that Lt. DAN KELLY, Retired CO of the Queens Homicide Squad, (and one of the finest Squad Commanders around!) preached that Four Items Solve Homicides:
* Crime Scene
* Interviews
* Records
* Surveillance
Crime Scene: The recovery of evidence and review of the scene is crucial
Interviews: Talking to people; canvassing the area; gathering background info on the
Victim; and the Interview of the Suspect
Records: Background checks on all people, suspects, etc.
Surveillance: Getting out into the field to observe, look for and apprehend the suspect


If I may quote Philly again :


WD-40 literally stands for Water Displacement, 40th attempt. That's the name straight out of the lab book used by the chemist who developed WD-40 back in 1953. The chemist, Norm Larsen, was attempting to concoct a formula to prevent corrosion-a task which is done by displacing water. Norm's persistence paid off when he perfected the formula on his 40th try.


The Web site maintained by the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section of the U.S. Department
of Justice.,

In February 1999, Esquire published an article on Osama bin Laden by ABC news correspondent John Miller, the former NYPD Deputy Commissioner of Public Information, who had traveled to Afghanistan for a surreal and chilling conversation with the man who is now a primary suspect in Tuesday's attack on America. The full text is available here:

"LEST WE FORGET"... The NYPD Memorial

Sept 18, 1927 Ptl Jerome DeLorenzo #6850, 4 Pct, Shot: Accidental discharge
Sept 19, 1943 Sgt Matthew McCormick #989, 120 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
Sept 21, 1952 Det Philip LaMonica #2068, 42 Sqd, Shot-arrest
Sept 21, 1984 PO Irma Lozada #4721, TD-33, Shot-Robbery arrest
Sept 22, 1946 Ptl William Brophy #17729, 109 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
Sept 22, 1983 PO Joseph Hamperian, TPD-SCU, Struck by auto
Sept 22, 1987 PO Robert Venable, TD-33, Shot-arrest
Sept 23, 1896 Ptl Thomas McIntyre, Mounted, Dragged by horse
Sept 23, 1937 Det John H.A. Wilson #15182, 1 Pct, Shot-Robbery
Sept 23, 1941 Ptl James Schowers #16845, 28 Pct, LOD Heart attack
Sept 23, 1970 Ptl Michael Paolilo #4063, Ident.Unit, Stabbed-off duty investing.

Friday, September 14, 2001


Please take a moment to remember all those who are missing, who have given their lives, at the World Trade Center disaster.

We hope and pray that these brave individuals - police officers, firefighters, and others who have perished will be remembered in our prayers. Their families deserve it.

Fly your Flag! God Bless America!

Monday, September 10, 2001


In the post-Civil War era of New York, the Whyos from Mulberry bend just north of the Five Points, were the most vicious group found in the city. Many of the worst thugs and murderers of the city belonged to this gang. Individual members were available for hire, and one even handed out a price list:
Punching - $2.00
Both eyes blacked - $4.00
Nose and jaw broke - $10.00
Ear chewed off - $15.00
Leg or arm broke - $19.00
Shot in leg - $25.00
Stabbed - $25.00
Doing the big job - $100.00 and up


In the early 1800�s, the most feared district of New York was the �Five Points�.

The Five Points district included the area bounded by Broadway, Canal, the Bowery, and Park Row. The actual Five Points was the intersection of Cross, Anthony, Little Water, Orange, and Mulberry Streets.

Until it was destroyed in 1852, its leading landmark, the Old Brewery, converted to a tenement, enjoyed a reputation as the most violent building in the city. It housed about 1,000 persons, and according to popular legend experienced a murder a night, though this appears highly doubtful.


UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS - The UNT White Collar Crimes page features many useful links covering embezzlement, bribery, tax evasion, fraud, postal crimes, bribery, and computer crime.

BOSTON COLLEGE - BC's Internal Audit Department's home page is designed to provide members of the academic and administrative communities educational information and guidance concerning internal control and business ethics. Fraud Prevention page with information about fraud and white-collar crime "red flags."


Got a Light?

A San Diego County man, having purchased a case of rare, very expensive cigars, insured them against... get this... fire. Within a month, having smoked his entire stockpile of fabulous cigars and having yet to make a single premium payment on the policy, the man filed a claim against the insurance company. In his claim, the man stated that he had lost the cigars in "a series of small fires." The insurance company refused to pay, citing the obvious reason that the man had consumed the cigars in a normal fashion. The man sued... and won.

In delivering his ruling, the judge stated that since the man held a policy from the company in which it had warranted that the cigars were insurable and also guaranteed that it would insure the cigars against fire, without defining what it considered to be "unacceptable fire," it was obligated to compensate the insured for his loss. Rather than endure a lengthy and costly appeal process, the insurance company accepted the judge's ruling and paid the man $15,000 for the rare cigars he lost in "the fires."

After the man cashed his check, however, the insurance company had him arrested on 24 counts of arson. With his own insurance claim and testimony from the previous case being used as evidence against him, the man was convicted of intentionally burning the rare cigars and sentenced to 24 consecutive one-year terms.

>�LEST WE FORGET�� The NYPD Memorial

Sept 10, 1951 Det James Daggett #727, S,L&T Sqd, Explosion-investigation
Sept 10, 1964 Ptl Anthony Esposito #6485, 66 Pct, Heart Attack
Sept 11, 1976 PO Brian Murray #13639, Bomb Sqd, Explosion-Investigation
Sept 12, 1968 Ptl John Madden #19689, 104 Pct, LOD Heart attack
Sept 12, 1991 PO hector Fontanez #30725, 47 Pct, Shot by perp-investigation
Sept 13, 1928 Ptl Jeremiah Brosnan #779, 24 Pct, Shot by perp
Sept 14, 1931 Sgt Timothy Murphy #511, 8 Pct, Shot-robbery in progress
Sept 14, 1974 PO Bruce Anderson #25472, 32 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
Sept 15, 1931 Ptl William Eberhardt #9527, 15 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
Sept 15, 1979 PO Melvin Hopkins #25923, 77 Pct, Shot-robbery off duty
Sept 16, 1927 Ptl Henry Meyer #6427, 54 Pct, Shot-robbery arrest
Sept 16, 1975 PO Andrew Glover #14007, 9 Pct, Shot-Assassination
Sept 16, 1975 Sgt Frederick Reddy #1258, 9 Pct, Shot-Assassination
Sept 16, 1977 PO Daniel Nowonlynski #31538, 23 Pct, Shot-off duty

Friday, September 07, 2001


The �NIGERIAN 419� Scam � named after the code in the Nigerian Criminal Code that relates to larceny by fraud, is a widespread scam that � like many con games � is hard to believe that someone would fall for. But fall for it they do, to an enormous amount of money as well.

The Nigerian Scam is, according to published reports, the Third to Fifth largest industry in Nigeria.

This appears to be one of the largest, and longest running, scams in the world. It is also a very dangerous one. According to the State Department, by 1996 over 15 people had been murdered after they travelled to Nigeria to participate in this "opportunity." Even more have been beaten or subject to threats and extortion.

There are a number of variations on this scam, but all involve the same themes: You receive a letter from a government official or businessman from Nigeria, telling you confidentially of a large sum of money that is available. You are asked to assist in the transfer of that money, for a share of the profits.

The proposal, typewritten on official-looking stationary, offers a 25 percent commission for assistance in transferring surplus funds of up to $38 million (obtained from "over-invoiced government contracts") from Nigeria to the United States. The solicitations request the reader provide a bank account number in order to complete the transaction. "Investors" who respond to the offer will be required to pay a never-ending assortment of legal fees, personal expenses and government bribes until the victim is drained of all assets.
If you go along with the ruse, you will be asked to send money for transaction and transfer costs. Sequential "emergencies" come up requiring further payment and causing delay in the transfer of funds to you.

This confidence scheme is very elaborate and sophisticated. Some of the con artists are Nigerian civil servants, and they will forward to you official and official-looking documents to demonstrate their legitimacy.

These rip-offs, which contain variations in theme, are widespread. The U.S. Secret Service gets reports of about 100 victims per day, and receives 300-500 pieces of scam literature forwarded to them each day. In Nigeria, the scam is widely known as the "419" scam, named so after the provision of the Nigerian penal code that relates to fraud.

A victim who gets lured into the scam will be asked to travel to Nigeria or a neutral country to make certain necessary arrangements for the transfer of funds. He will be asked to bring expensive items, such as high priced pens or jewelry, to facilitate the transaction.
Upon arrival in Nigeria, victims are taken to hotels close to the airport. In Nigeria, strings of hotels near to the airport in Lagos are known locally as "419 hotels" because they are known to be used in this enormous rip off.

Alone in a foreign country, disoriented, and without familiar resources, the victim has no way to fend off the 419 gang that will target him in the hotel. In an elaborate con, they will arrange meetings with civil servants in government buildings or in official-looking buildings. The victim will be told to transfer even more money and to sign contracts that commit to greater losses of money.
If the victim goes along with the con, he will be allowed to leave the country without harm (and without money). But resistance can lead to extortion, beatings and murder.

In one case a victim who had already spent thousands of dollars on various fees, was told that additional money was needed to "decoat" a suitcase full of "coated" one hundred dollar bills. The victim was told that the bills were temporarily defaced with a black film to mask the origin of the money, and a special, very expensive solution, must be purchased to "decoat" the bills.
To circumvent the expense of mailing the letters, these criminal enterprises use counterfeit postage, costing the Nigerian Postal Service (NIPOST) hundreds of thousands of dollars each year in lost revenue. Under Universal Postal Union regulations, Nigeria is charged a terminal dues fee by the delivering country for this foreign-originating mail.

Most 419 letters and emails originate from or are traceable back to Nigeria. However, some originate from other nations, mostly also West African nations such as Ghana, Togo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast (Cote D�Ivoire) etc.


As I logged on-line to post this issue of The Squad Room, I first checked my e-mail.

First, I received a nice leter from Frank Bolz, with some information that will be the subject of a future posting.

Then, I open an e-mail labeled "Urgent and Confidential". What was it? None other than an e-mail OF A NIGERIAN 419 SCAM!!! I had to check my Squd Room posting; I knew I wrote of hisscam last week, but wasn't sure if it had ben posted already. At first I thought: Sure, I write about a scam and someone - probably as a joke - makes up a phony letter and sends me one. (TheMinister knows several jokesters who would be capable of such a stunt!).

But, NO.. the posting on the Nigerian scam HAD NOT YET BEEN MADE, so what I received must be an ACTUAL Nigerian 419 letter.

Appropriate steps will be taken, YOU CAN BE SURE! (Don't try to scam the Minister!)


The N.Y.P.D. eight-point hat, which has been in use since 1928, is symbolic of the eight original members of the first Watch, in Dutch New York.


To attempt to set the record straight, it should be noted that PO ROBERT BILODEAU, who was killed in the line of duty in 1980, was posthumously awarded two (2) Medals of Honor at the 1981 Department Medal Day Ceremonies. These awards were for two separate incidents.

PO Bilodeau was assigned to the Street Crime Unit when he was shot on February 12, 1980 during an investigation.

His first incident that resulted in his being awarded the Medal of Honor stemmed from his role as a decoy during a decoy operation, in which he was slashed by a would-be mugger in the throat.

It was noted by the department at that time that �this is the first time that the New York Police department accorded this honor to a police officer�, the awarding of two Medals of Honor for two incidents at the same ceremony. It was noted in an earlier posting that Det. Johnny Cordes was awarded two Medals of Honor on two separate occasions, and according to �NYPD� by James Lardner and Thomas Reppetto, he was the only recipient of two Medals of Honor. That apparently was an incorrect statement, as Bilodeau was so honored in 1981.


Launched last week by ABA President Robert Hirshon, ABA offers "access to resources designed with consumers in mind." The site is divided into eight sections: Family, Home, Job, Finances, Buying and Selling, Criminal Justice, and Finding a Lawyer. Each section contains links to resources provided by ABA, handbooks, glossaries, documents, and so forth. A
good place to start for easy-to-understand, basic legal information.

Russian Organized Crime Impacts People Globally.

"The Threat of Russian Organized Crime" (40 pp.) (NCJ187085) discusses the presence of a new global crime threat
from organizations and criminal activities that have poured forth over the borders of Russia and other former Soviet
republics and the real and potential impacts of Russian organized crime on the United States. (NIJ)
Access full text at: or
Place orders at:

"LEST WE FORGET"... The NYPD Memorial

Sept 3, 1932 Ptl Peter DeCarlo #6157, 32 Pct, Shot-Robbery in progress
Sept 3, 1967 Ptl John Darcy #10494, 28 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
Sept 4, 1961 Ptl Francis X. Walsh #23349, 32 Pct, Shot-Robbery
Sept 4, 1962 Ptl Robert Byrnes #1106, 94 Pct, Shot by EDP
Sept 7, 1970 Ptl Patrick Canavan #13330, PA, Stabbed off duty
Sept 9, 1979 PO Edwin Fogel #5540, Hwy 1, Shot-Auto check