Thursday, April 26, 2001


Printouts of SPRINT jobs, OLDER THAN 24 HOURS, can now be accessed from your SPRINT terminal in the office. Sgt. Cincotta reports that this recent change now allows us to review printouts of SPRINT jobs going back one year � where previously we were limited to the past 24 hours only, and anything older required a request through CB, etc.

To access the printout, follow these instructions:
1. First, obtain the Job # - you can obtain this by reviewing the SPIA incident
2. Log in properly to SPRINT. Once in SPRINT, then
3. With the Job # and the Date of the Incident, enter the following:


Note: J: must preceed the Job #
Insert the Job # as it appears for the incident.

Date is entered as follows: The date of incident April 15, 2001 is entered as
a. 2-digit day of the month (15)
b. Month is a 3-letter entry � April is entered as APR, etc
c. Year is a 2-digit entry � 2001 is entered as 01
April 15, 2001 is entered as : 15Apr01 in the date caption

Example: A request for Job # M01831 of April 15, 2001 would look like:


Don�t forget the �T� at the end; that�s for Total.

This improvement should be highly beneficial to investigators!


In the early 1900�s the detective bureau suffered from a problem of graft in units dealing with vice and gambling. In order to remedy this problem, organizational changes were effected within the detective bureau. Among other changes, in 1907, the rank and grade of Detective Sergeant was abolished and the current �detail/designation� scheme assigning members of the police force to service in the Detective Bureau was first established.
Members of the force were thus assigned to the non-civil service title of �Detective� by means of a �detail� to be made at the discretion of the Police Commissioner. No increase in pay was associated with these details.
A limited number of persons so detailed, up to 150, could be elevated to a new rank � DETECTIVE FIRST GRADE � with an increase in pay equivalent to the salary of a Lieutenant,
When the NYC Administrative Code was enacted in 1938, the Charter�s provisions concerning the detective bureau were recodified as S.434a-3.0 of the Administrative Code. The �detail/designation� scheme for assigning police officers to service in the detective bureau remained virtually unchanged from the 1907 revision of the Charter.
In 1964, the NYC Administrative Code was amended to create the positions of Detective Second Grade, to be paid the same salary as Sergeants, and Detective Third Grade, to be paid a salary determined by the Mayor. The Police Commissioner was given the same broad discretion to designate officers to these newly created positions as the discretion he already had in connection with designating officers to the position of Detective First Grade.

Note: While the above noted charter provisions were enacted in 1964, I found it interesting to find that the title of Detective 2nd Grade was used a lot earlier than 1964, as noted in previous postings from SPRING 3100 issues. These noted AdminCode dates and Charter provisions were taken from court records cited in a recent court case pertaining to MOS performing detective duties.


Welcome to Power Reporting
Thousands of free research tools for journalists, annotated and updated daily. Great links for investigators too. And no ads either.

Along with the above site, also try this following one.

The following site offers assistance in reading a credit report. These documents can be tricky to understand; if you have cause to review a credit report, you might want to check here for the tips on deciphering one.

If you haven�t already done so, and are annoyed by those telemarketing calls to the home, you can place your telephone number on the telemarketing block, by going to the following web site and completing the necessary captions.





With investigative tips or information you�d like to share, please contact

Monday, April 23, 2001


WARDS: By the beginning of the 18th Century the city was divided into wards and constables were appointed in each ward. In 1730, there were 16 constables, one to each ward except for the Bowery which had 2. In 1731 a main watch house or police headquarters was built at Wall and Broad Streets. As the population increased, the watch system was expanded. In 1800 there were 120 men on the force, each ward under the command of a captain. The first blotter appeared in 1803 when captains were required to keep a roll of men who performed duty each night. Good arrests were rewarded by appropriation of the Common Council, $23 being the award in 1803 for the captors of a murderer. The first reference to watchmen as policemen was in 1812 when four police districts were established and a Standing Committee of Police appointed in the Common Council to promote police efficiency.
While on duty watchmen wore a varnished leather hat and were called �leatherheads� by the public. Their only weapon was a thirty-three inch club. The city population was growing, and in 1844 the state legislature passed an act enabling the city to appoint a day and night police force not to exceed 800 men. Instead of adopting this recommendation, the aldermen established their own municipal police of 200 men.
This force soon proved to be inadequate, and in 1845 the municipal police force was established with 800 men. While the men wore no uniform they were equipped with a star-shaped copper badge worn on the left breast of their coats. They soon came to be called the star police, and later �coppers� and �cops�.
In 1857 the state took over the administration of the city�s police. The Metropolitan Police District, responsible for the counties of New York, Kings, Richmond, and Westchester (which included the Bronx), replaced the Municipal Police. Three years later the Metropolitan Police District was extended to include the towns of Newtown, Flushing and Jamaica.
In 1863 the police force was called on to put down the Civil War draft riots, in which 1200 rioters were killed and 7,000 injured. During the riots several station houses had to be abandoned to the mobs and were burned down, but attacks in force by squads of 200 policemen against barricaded sections of the city brought the disorder to an end in a week.
In 1870 the state legislature ended the Metropolitan Police in New York City and created a Police Department under a Board of Police consisting of four commissioners appointed by the Mayor. This Board of Police elected one of its members as the President; the most famous of whom was Teddy Roosevelt.
The final step in the evolution of the Police Department came with the consolidation of the five boroughs into the Greater City of New York. On January 1, 1898, the police forces of Brooklyn and the various towns and villages of the counties of New York, Kings, Richmond and the new county of Queens were consolidated into the Police Department. On February 22, 1901 a single Police Commissioner replaced the Board of Commissioners.


PI Site with MANY Links for searches

Reverse telephone directories and more:

Spy stuff and lotsof search engines:



�The Real Story of a Chicago Cop� is how NIGHT CHIEF by Walter Vallee is described. Much newer than Detective Wooldrdge�s tale, NIGHT CHIEF was written in 1980 by a retired Deputy Chief of the Chicago Police Dept. Retiring in 1979, the majority of this book deals with the authors time as a Detective � first as a �District Detective�, then as a �Downtown Detective�. What�s the difference?
At that time in Chicago the department was structured so that there were two levels of Detective. Each Police District had its own detectives, appointed by the district commander and serving at his pleasure. The position was an interim reward for good police work and a promising career. The drew the same salary as Patrolman, but on duty worked in plainclothes and were allowed to drive around in their own car. (Sound Familiar????)
The second level of detectives were the members of the Detective Bureau, who worked out of Headquarters. They were divided into units for Homicide, Robbery, Auto Theft, Missing Persons, Arson/Bomb, Burglary, and Sex Crimes. These Detective Bureau Detectives were generally referred to as �Downtown Detectives�, or just plain �Dicks� (No, NOT that - after Dick Tracy!). They held a higher rank than Patrolman, and (after 1960) were paid more than Patrolman.
The District Detectives acted as the Commander�s special conditions team. They conducted the preliminary investigation of a crime, and forwarded reports to Headquarters the following day. They were required to turn oval all leads and info after the first day, so that the �Downtown Detectives� � or the detectives from the �Smart Shop� � could continue the follow-up. The District Detectives were what we know as the Anti-Crime Team, with a 1-day investigative window. Of course, on serious patterns and trends they would continue to work on a case � under the guidance of the �Smart Shop� � and make any arrests they could.
This 25-year career through the streets of Chicago, from Patrolman to at first District and then full Detective, was also a very interesting read. Rising to the rank of Deputy Chief, and in charge of all of the department�s specialized units in Special Operations, provided a large backdrop from which to write. It�s no wonder, though, that the majority of the book deals with his time as a Detective. As a famous Commissioner once said, �Everyone likes a good detective story � no one wants to read a Chief story�! HOW TRUE.


From an earlier �Book Shelf� posting you�ll remember Detective C.R. Wooldridge � the Chicago detective who wrote HANDS UP! about his 12 years as a Chicago Detective.

He recounted an arrest he made in 1893 of a man who stole a bicycle from a residence. The evidence against the thief was �complete, and when it was presented in court before Judge Freeman, the man was found guilty and sentenced to ten years in the penitentiary�.

The bicycle was valued at $150. It was recovered and returned to the owner. That was �the most severe sentence ever given to a bicycle thief in Chicago�. I would have to add it�s probably the most severe anywhere! Detective Wooldridge added that the sentence had the effect of nearly putting an end to that kind of larceny. I�m not surprised!


April 23, 1977 PO Robert Mandel #16465, 77 Pct, Shot during arrest
April 24, 1969 Det John Roth #1111, DetDiv, Auto accident on patrol
April 24, 1980 PO Robert Sorrentino #31143, 101 Pct, Shot during robbery
April 25, 1955 Sgt Donald Wiseman #935, 107 Pct, Auto accident on patrol
April 27, 1988 Sgt John McCormick #1900, BxNarco, Shot during arrest
April 27, 1994 PO Jose Perez #19910, BSTF, Auto accident on patrol
April 29, 1945 Ptl Jacob Szwedowski #17941, 24 Pct, Shot in crossfire

Thursday, April 19, 2001


In the department�s �Self Portrait� issue of SPRING3100 of 1954, the section on Patrol gives some insight to a Patrolman�s duties in the 50�s. Patrolman worked 8 hour tours, working �around the clock� � 5 tours 8x4, off 56 hours, then 5 midnight-8, 56 hours off, followed by 5 4x12, then starting the cycle over again after the 56 hours off. More interestingly, however, was the explanation of �extra duty� especially that connected with court: �Court appearances add to extra hours of duty. A patrolman must accompany his prisoner to court, If the arrest is made during the day, he may be required to take the prisoner to Night Court. If the arrest is at night he must appear in court the next morning. If he makes the arrest on the late tour, he may be released from duty at 5AM for a couple of hours rest before court appearance. He may be subpoenaed to appear in court on his day off. ONLY IN CERTAIN INSTANCES IS HE COMPENSATED FOR HIS TIME. (Bold print was added by me; Note the lack of �overtime� pay for arrests!)

Call Boxes was the primary means of Patrolman on post to communicate with the station house to receive and answer assignments. Remember, portable radios were not around until the late 60�s, and the primary method of assignment of a patrolman was to foot post at this time. Call Boxes were posted at regular intervals throughout the precinct, and patrolman made regular hourly �rings� to the stationhouse on these boxes.

These �rings� to the stationhouse were answered by the Sergeant assigned to the telephone switchboard (TS). The TS was a post covered by one of the Sergeants on the tour- who would answer the publics calls of distress and distribute �jobs� and assignments as he supervised the patrolmen�s rings from their posts. There was generally two other Sergeants on the tour in addition to the TS Sgt; 1 Sgt on RMP assignment and 1 Sgt on foot post assignment. Of course, the Desk Officer was a Lieutenant � who commanded the precinct from that position, and rarely was in the field.


This site has great investigator tips, mainly for interviews and
interrogations of suspects but there are some great methods for getting the
truth from your client or subjects. The Reid basic course and the advanced course have been recommend to anyone who is interested in the "Detection of deception".

This is a great site with lots (and I mean lots) of links
for the Investigative World. It will take you awhile to
research each and every one but it there are some that are
worth it. Great site with many links!!!
Good Site for Links
Reverse Phone Lookup


The Minister recently acquired two Chicago based True-Crime, historical works that I found quite interesting. The first, HANDS UP! IN THE WORLD OF CRIME, is written by C.R. Wooldridge, who spent 12 years as a Detective on the Chicago Police Force. This book was written in 1901, and is touted by the author Clifton R. Wooldridge as depicting "1700 arrests, 125 criminals sent to Penitentiary, $75,000 worth of Lost and Stolen Property Recovered, and 75 Young Girls Rescued from Lives of Shame". And we thought Beau Dietl did a lot! Describing the turn of the century (the last century!) in Chicago, Wooldridge recounts page after page of exploits � from uniformed officer to plainclothes Detective. Many of his deeds began or ended in �Panel Houses�. What is a �Panel House�?
A Panel House is the invention of thieves, and it is explained how hundreds of thousands of dollars have been stolen from unsuspecting victims of vicious women at these houses � and many shootings as well! �Panel House� was the name given to these buildings by the police � the proprietors called them simply �houses of ill repute� or �sporting houses�. Not intent to simply lock up thieves, Wooldridge chased many a killer in his time as well � and was shot at several times also. One such encounter has Wooldridge saved on the morning of February 11, 1896 by the bar and several links of a watch chain he was wearing, which stopped the bullet fired at him while executing arrest warrants at a �Panel House�. Picking the bullet up from the floor, Wooldridge continued his chase and eventually apprehended the �perp�! Who needed bullet-proof vests?
Tracking a fugitive who �headed west�, he went to the nearest Western Union to send a telegraph message to �all points west�, but found he was unable to do so because the Chief of Police had left for the day and Western Union wouldn�t send it without payment up front. Not having the money in his pocket, he went and pawned his watch so as to pay the cost himself, and seek reimbursement from the Chief the next day. (Some things never change!)
The exploits of Detective Wooldridge and the other �coppers� from Chicago provided some entertaining reading!

Friday, April 13, 2001


The assignment of regular precinct patrol officers to plainclothes � known now as �Anti-Crime� � did not begin until the 1970�s. Before that, precinct patrol members performed in uniform assignments. There was, however, members assigned to enforce gambling and vice laws. Assignment to anti-gambling and vice suppression, what we now know as Vice Enforcement, came under the command of the "Plainclothes Squad", which is what they were known as. A Patrolman who worked in "Plainclothes", or Plainclothesmen as they were known, worked out of either Police Headquarters, Borough Headquarters, or a Division Headquarters. They were responsible for the enforcement of �policy� and �numbers� rackets, other gambling offenses, as well as social club and prostitution enforcement. A Patrolman often went into Plainclothes as a steppingstone into the Detective Bureau, on his way to the �gold shield�.


A review of the SPRING3100 issue of 1954 reveals some unusual assignments and commands. The basic structure of the department remains similar, with some obvious notable differences. For example:

Under the HEADQUARTERS DIVISION are certain support services that are familiar: Motor Transport, HQ Custodial, Distribution Room (for the distribution of department orders and mail). Under this Headquarters Division, though, are some very unusual commands.

MENDICANT SQUAD: Beggars, peddlers and others who annoy passersby in the city�s street are the concern of this squad which operates throughout the city and in the parks. They make arrests for vagrants and those who have no visible means of support and live without employment.

HEALTH DEPARTMENT SQUAD: They locate animal owners whose pets are wanted for rabies examination, assist nurses in gaining admittance to homes where there are scarlet fever, typhoid and diphtheria cases, check undertakers to see that they have a Board of Health license and assist food and sanitary inspectors by maintaining order during inspections. The Police Department is reimbursed for their salaries by the Health Department. !!


Here is a site I found in the recent edition of Details magazine (yes, the Minister reads other than True Crime stories!). It sounded better than I found it, only because it has lots of info for Manhattan sites but nothing for Brooklyn. It�s a listing, by Community Board, of Manhattan locations that have video cameras! Check it out anyway. We all know how valuable a video camera in the street can be to an investigation! Too bad a listing for Brooklyn isn�t readily available � but the way they constantly change, there�s no better way than the post-incident canvass to uncover these potential sites.


At :

The Minister is always looking for old SPRING3100 magazines and True Crime books; keep me in mind when flea-marketing! (Yes, I WILL pay for them!)


Is it true that Chris Cincotta is contemplating the move down south to the sunny state of Florida? Can�t be true! Chris spent a lot of time in the 77 Squad before taking over the 66 Squad, and then the Deputy Commissioner of Operations Investigations Squad. If he moves down south, be ready for the Broward County 10-13 Club to transform their monthly meetings into a Comstat-South! Anywhere near Pembroke Pines (formerly known as Hollywood, Fl)? Former Chief of Detectives Al Seedman makes his residence down there � maybe he needs an aide-de-camp? Come on Chris, say it ain�t so!


I found a true hole-in-the-wall gold mine for the Brooklyn North cigar smoker!
New Star Tobacco, a newsstand-cigar store on 5 Avenue off St Marks in the 78 Pct (OK, so it�s really not in Brooklyn North, but just over the border in the 78). Very good selection, and very good prices! I understand if you mention the Minister you�ll get free matches with your purchase.

For the catalog shopper in cigars, try these out. Very, very good prices without the sales tax for NYS residents. Thanks to Jay Kopp, who uses them often. Also endorsed by Joe Falcone!


Luis Martinez Cigars: 1-800-822-4427, or

Mikes Cigars: 1-800-962-4427

Call them, ask for a catalog, and check them out!

(The Minister prefers Churchills). Hoyo De Monterray Excalibur's have gotten a very high review by all sources. The new Excalibur 1066's are a fine smoke! (OK, that's the extent of my cigar review).

Monday, April 09, 2001


In April 1836, the first attempt was made to form a detective squad in the Police Department. Those detailed were to be known as roundsmen and were nicknamed �shadows� by their fellow officers and the public. In the latter part of 1857 the Board of Police adopted a resolution giving the Superintendent the power to detail twenty policemen as detectives. Later, the detective system was divided into the Headquarters Detectives and the Ward Detectives. Headquarters Detectives investigated those crimes assigned to them by the Superintendent while the Ward Detectives, assigned to each precinct, were responsible for the investigation of crimes committed withion the confines of their respective precincts. This division of detectives has remained similar today, with the addition and subtraction of these specialized units to keep up with the times.

In 1954, the Central Office Bureaus and Squads included the: Auto, Forgery, and Pickpocket Squad; the Bureau of Special Service and Investigations (BOSSI); the Bureau of Criminal Information (BCI); DA�s Squad� Narcotic Squad; and the Safe Loft and Truck Squad.

Think of the current Intelligence Division. They were responsible for the protection of visiting dignitaries, as well as the investigation of strikes and labor disputes.

SAFE, LOFT AND TRUCK SQUAD: Vigilant and intensive surveillance of known burglars and hijackers is the means that this squad operated. In addition to the investigation and follow-up of safecrackers, they were primarily concerned with the crimes occurring within the garment district � including larcenies from trucks and burglaries. Much of the work of this unit was consolidated into the Major Case Squad when the Safe, Loft, and Truck Squad was disbanded in the 1980�s.

BOROUGH SPECIALIZED SQUADS included the Homicide Squads, Riverfront Squads (larcenies and crimes occurring along the waterfront), Youth Squads (as the original Gang Squads were known as), and the Burglary Squads. The Burglary Squad operated on a borough-wide basis, and combined patrol and surveillance to develop leads in cooperation with the precinct detective squads. (Think: Burglary Apprehension Module on a borough-wide scale!)


Parolee Information, as well as other investigative links:

Criminal Investigation Software for your PDA. This site has numerous investigative programs which can be downloaded for use in a PDA such as a Palm, etc. I tried a sample version of the Cybercop Case Manager; it�s not bad. I�m still exploring it; interesting site to look at and explore if you have a PDA. If you try any of these, let me know what you think of them, PLEASE!.

The Ultimate Collection of Forensic Software (Their name, not my review!)


The �Tactics For Managing Confrontation� by the US Marine Corps is titled �WARFIGHTING�. Published in 1994, this book, while in many ways the US Marine�s answer to the Chinese Sun-Tzu�s �ART OF WAR�, certainly contains many applications to modern policing. Some highlights of this work are noted here.

Friction is the force that makes the easy difficult.
The means to overcome friction is the will; we prevail over friction through persistent
strength of mind and spirit.
We must learn to fight in an environment of uncertainty. Uncertainty is the fog of war.

We learn to fight in this uncertain environment by:
A. Developing simple, flexible plans
B. Planning for contingencies
C. Developing SOP�s
D. Fostering initiatives among subordinates.

The conduct of war is ultimately an art. The Art Of War requires:
A. The intuitive ability to grasp the essence of a unique battlefield situation
B. The creative ability to devise a practical solution, and
C. The strength of purpose to execute the act.

Strategy is the art of winning wars.
Tactics is the art and science of winning engagements and battles.
Maintain a philosophy of Fighting Smart!

More entries later on the Philosophy Of Command, and Mission Tactics.

�LEST WE FORGET� �.. NYPD Memorial

April 10, 1937 Det Michael Foley, 525, 9 Sqd. Shot during robbery investigation.
April 10, 1950 Ptl Louis Bulzano. No Further Information available.
April 10, 1960 Ptl Vito Velenzano, 12291, 20 Pct. Off duty LOD heart attack.
April 12, 1929 Ptl Andrew McLean-Wood. No further information available.
April 12, 1967 Ptl Joseph Shanahan, 2262, SR Bureau. Off duty LOD heart attack
April 13, 1961 Ptl Robert Dugo, 18121, 6 Pct, Off duty LOD heart attack.
April 13, 1988 PO Anthony McLean, 2178, PSA2, Shot during investigation.
April 14, 1907 Ptl George Sechler, 2075, 16 Pct, Shot during arrest
April 14, 1929 Ptl William Schneller, 5893, 32 Pct, Accident during pursuit
April 15, 1932 Ptl James Morrissey, 15268, Traffic F, Auto accident on patrol
April 15, 1968 Ptl John Banks, 6086, ESU, LOD heart attack

Thursday, April 05, 2001


This Saturday, April 7 at 1PM, Friends Field, McDonald Avenue between Avenue M and Bay Parkway, the NEW YORKS FINEST Football Team will take on the NEW YORKS BOLDEST Football Team from Corrections, in a Memorial Game for Inspector ANTHONY FACLCO. The proceeds of this game are going towards a scholarship fund in Tony's name - PLEASE make all efforts to attend this game as a showing of support from Tony's BROOKLYN NORTH FAMILY!

The Brooklyn North Detective Golf Outing will be held on June 1st at the Marine Park Golf Course. Donations from this event will also go towards the TONY FALCO SCHOLARSHIP FUND. Contact Kevin Slagg at the 79 Squad for more details! NICE WORK, 75 SQUAD!


Once again, the 75 Squad shone with the great job they did on the homicide of the pizza-delivery case. It�s a perfect example of all parts of the machine working in synch together � information received by patrol properly passed on to the squad, coupled with the prompt attention and follow up by the detectives, leading to the arrests in this case.
Nice work again, to everyone in the 75 Squad!


The latest issue of the National Criminal Justice Research Service, JUSTINFO, is available on the World Wide Web at

If you go to this site you can register to receive regular updates on Criminal Justice issues from this federally run organization.

Here is another site that provides some assistance on telephone numbers.
Phone numbers, country codes and other information. White pages, Yellow
Pages, fax numbers for many countries.

This site may have been posted earlier, but if you missed it you should check it out:

Crime Spider searches for the best crime and law enforcement sites, then categorizes topics so you don't have to sort through hundreds of sites to find the one that fits the bill. You can easily find the information you want at Crime Spider. Whether you are doing research on criminalistics, forensic anthropology, FBI, unsolved murders, homicide investigation techniques, child abuse, domestic violence, the death penalty, terrorism, law and courts, behavioral profiling, gang violence, juvenile crime, missing persons, serial killers or mass murderers, criminals, local police, or other cop or crime topics, we can help you find the information you want. We also have tips for people searches and protecting your privacy as well as features on specific topics of interest to crime and law enforcement professionals.

Annoyed by Telemarketers at home? NY State now has a registry that you can sign up for that places a tlemarketing block on your home phone. Easy to register; you can do so online:


April 2, 1914 Det Joseph Guarneri #1098, DetDiv : Shot, arrest altercation
April 2, 1930 Ptl Thomas Harnett #5323, 13 Pct, auto accident on patrol
April 2, 1978 PO Christie Massone #12544, PO Norman Cerullo #19133, 79 Pct
Shot during an auto check
April 3, 1953 Ptl John Pendegrass #5253, 32 Pct, Shot during robbery
April 3, 1972 Ptl Phillip Cardillo #26620, 28 Pct, Shot during investigation
April 4, 1947 Ptl Jack Chason #18872, 79 Pct, Shot during robbery
April 5, 1926 Ptl Charles Reilly #6322, 13 Pct, Shot during robbery arrest
April 5, 1952 Insp Thomas Boylan, Airplane struck Auto
April 6, 1937 Ptl Daniel Sullivam #5041, Mcy Unit, Motorcycle accident
April 6, 1953 Ptl Sam Katz #12308, 32 Pct, Shot during investigation
April 6, 1955 Ptl John Conlon #18396, 28 Pct, Injured on patrol